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Haashim (continued)

Haashim was the first to initiate the custom of sending off two trade caravans a year; one to Syria in summer and another to Yemen in winter. According to this unvarying custom, a caravan would set out in every season of the year. These caravans would travel in winter across desolate swathes of land, at times at times through the desert and at times crossing the sea, until they would arrive at Yemen and even further, at Ethiopia.

Najaashi, the emperor of Ethiopia, was exceedingly hospitable towards Haashim and would present many gifts to him. In summer, the caravans would travel to Syria (including Jordan and Lebanon), Gaza and Ankara (which was then the capital of Rome). Heraclius, the Byzantine emperor, would also approach Haashim with utmost respect and would often present gifts to him.

Haashim

Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) and Imaam Shaafi‘ee (rahimahullah) say that Haashim’s actual name was ‘Amr.

There was once a severe drought in Makkah during which Haashim fed the people bread crushed into gravy. This is why he was given the title “Haashim” (The one who crushes). As a poet says:

عمرو العلا هشم الثريد لقومه ورجال مكة مسنتون عجاف

“The exalted ‘Amr prepared Thareed (a dish of meat and gravy into which bread is crushed) for his people (and fed it to them) when the people of Makkah were left weak and thin by the drought.”

Ka‘b

In the pre-Islamic era, Ka‘b bin Luwayy would, on a weekly basis, gather all the people on the day of Friday. After all the people had assembled, he would deliver a sermon which he would commence by praising Allah Ta‘ala and explaining that Allah Ta‘ala had created the skies, the earth, the moon, the sun and all other forms of creation. He would thereafter give the people beneficial advices and would encourage them to maintain family ties.

He would also mention: “A prophet is to appear amongst my descendants. If you are alive in that era, ensure that you follow him.”

Ilyaas

His name conformed to the name of the Nabi of Allah Ta‘ala, Hazrat Ilyaas (‘alaihis salaam).

The Sunnah (tradition) of herding the Hadi (sacrificial) animals towards Baytullah (in Makkah) was commenced by Ilyaas bin Mudhar. It has been reported that Ilyaas bin Mudhar would often hear the Talbiyah of Haj being recited by Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) from his own spine.

It has also been narrated that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Do not speak ill of Ilyaas as he was a Muslim.”

Mudrikah

Most Ulama are of the opinion that Mudrikah’s name was ‘Amr. The name “Mudrikah” is derived from the word “Idraak” which means “achievement”. He was awarded the title of Mudrikah (the achiever) as he had excelled and attained success in virtually every department of his life.

‘Adnaan

He was from the progeny of Qaydar bin Ismaa‘eel.

Ma‘ad

Ma‘ad was an extraordinarily strong and gallant warrior. He spent his entire life fighting against the Banu Israa’eel and was triumphant in all his battles. His appellation was Abu Nazar. (“Appellation” refers to a name by which the father is called in attribution to his eldest child e.g. Abu Muhammed – Father of Muhammed)

Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnaan was a twelve year old lad during the reign of the famous king, Bukhtenasr. Allah Ta’ala informed the Nabi of that era, Hazrat Armiyaa’ bin Halqiyaa (‘alaihis salaam), through divine revelation, to convey the following message to Bukhtenasr: “We (i.e. Allah Ta‘ala) pledge to grant you (i.e. Bukhtenasr) dominance over the Arabs. And you, O Prophet! Take this young boy, Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnaan, away with you on your horse (Buraaq) so that he does not suffer any harm. I will extract from the spine of Ma‘ad a noble prophet (Hazrat Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)) with whom I will seal the succession of prophets (i.e. he will be the seal of all prophets) Accordingly, Hazrat Armiyaa’ (‘alaihis salaam) mounted his Buraaq, seated the young Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnaan with him, and left him in Syria. Here, in Syria, he grew up and lived with the Banu Israa’eel. This is one of the reasons for the lineage of Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnaan being so well known amongst the ‘Ulamaa of the Ahl-e-Kitaab (Jews and Christians).

Saturday, 28 November 2015 05:17

Untainted Family Lineage

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Allah Ta’ala has mentioned in the Qur’aan Kareem:

لَقَدۡ جَآءَکُمۡ رَسُوۡلٌ مِّنۡ اَنۡفَسِکُمۡ

“Verily a messenger has come to you from the best amongst yourselves….” 

Hazrat Anas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) recited the above verse with a Fat-hah on the فاء of the word أنفسكم. In other words, verily a prophet of Allah has come to you from amongst the most superior, noble and virtuous of you (your tribes). After reciting this verse, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “I am the most noble and superior of you in family lineage. From the time of Aadam (‘alaihis salaam) right up to me, there was no adultery. All of our ancestors were born in wedlock.”

Tuesday, 29 September 2015 04:27

Shamaail - Hadith 6

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حدثني إبراهيم بن محمد من ولد علي بن أبي طالب قال : كان علي رضي الله عنه إذا وصف رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : لم يكن رسول الله بالطويل الممغط ، ولا بالقصير المتردد ، وكان ربعة من القوم ، لم يكن بالجعد القطط ، ولا بالسبط ، كان جعدا رجلا ، ولم يكن بالمطهم ولا بالمكلثم ، وكان في وجهه تدوير أبيض مشرب ، أدعج العينين ، أهدب الأشفار ، جليل المشاش والكتد ، أجرد ذو مسربة ، شثن الكفين والقدمين ، إذا مشى تقلع كأنما ينحط في صبب ، وإذا التفت التفت معا ، بين كتفيه خاتم النبوة ، وهو خاتم النبيين ، أجود الناس صدرا ، وأصدق الناس لهجة ، وألينهم عريكة ، وأكرمهم عشرة ، من رآه بديهة هابه ، ومن خالطه معرفة أحبه ، يقول ناعته : لم أر قبله ولا بعده مثله صلى الله عليه وسلم.

It is related from Ebrahim bin Muhammad (Radiyallahu Anhu), who is from the grandsons of Hadhrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu), that whenever Hadhrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu) described the noble features of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), he used to say, “Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was neither very tall nor very short, rather he was a person of medium height among the people. His hair was neither completely curly nor completely straight, but it was slightly curly and wavy. (As far as the built of his body was concerned), he was not fat in size, nor was his face completely round, rather his mubaarak face was slightly round (i.e. he did not have a fully round face nor a fully elongated face, but in between the two). The complexion of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was white with a tinge of redness in it. The (pupil of the) mubaarak eyes of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alahi Wasallam) was pitch black. His eye lashes were long. The joints of the body (e.g. elbows, knees etc.) were large. Likewise, the portion between the two shoulders was broad and fully fleshed (i.e. well developed and well-built). There was no hair on his mubaarak body (i.e. Apart from the normal hair that men have on certain parts of the body). (Some people have excessive amount of hair on their body, however Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) did not have hair on his body besides those parts of the body which men normally have hair like the arms and legs etc.). He had a thin line of hair running from the chest to the navel. The hands and feet of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) were fully fleshed (i.e. well developed). When he walked, he lifted his feet with vigour, as though it (his appearance of humility while walking) seemed as if he was descending a slope. When he addressed any person he used to turn his entire body towards that person. (He did not suffice on only turning his face towards the person he addressed as this manner of address is one of disregard and indifference towards the one being addressed, and at times it can be considered as an attitude of pride. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to turn his full attention towards the person he addressed while turning his chest and body towards him. Some Ulama have translated this portion of the Hadith in the following manner that when Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) addressed anyone, he used to turn his face completely towards that person, and did not give a side glance. However, this is not a suitable translation as the words imply that he did not only turn his face towards the one he addressed, rather he turned his face as well as his body towards him). The seal of prophethood was situated between his mubaarak shoulders. He was the last of all Ambiyaa. He was the most generous at heart and the most truthful. He was the most compassionate and kind-hearted and came from a most noble family. (In essence he was the most honoured and greatest of every human being in his heart, tongue, character, temperament, nature and family lineage and everything associated with his mubaarak personality and ways was of the most noble and of the best). Any person who had seen him suddenly was overcome with fear (i.e. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had such a great, dignified and awesome personality, that any person who had seen him and come into contact with him for the first time, would become overcome with fear on account of his awe-inspiring personality. Firstly, the physical form of beauty and splendour found within a person has a natural awe, added to this when other attributes of perfection are joined to it, then one can well imagine the additional beauty and awe that will be created within the person. Besides this, among the special attributes and qualities granted to Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) from the side of Allah Ta’ala, was the quality of awe). Anyone who came in close contact with him, and knew his excellent character and excellent attributes loved him dearly. Anyone who described his noble features could only say, ‘I have not seen anyone in his external beauty and perfect qualities like Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), neither before him nor after him’ (i.e. due to being unable to do justice in describing the beauty and excellence of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) the one who described him sufficed on saying I have not seen anyone like him).”

Monday, 20 April 2015 05:05

Shamaail - Hadith 5

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عن علي بن أبي طالب قال : لم يكن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم بالطويل ولا بالقصير ، شثن الكفين والقدمين ، ضخم الرأس ، ضخم الكراديس ، طويل المسربة ، إذا مشى تكفأ تكفؤا كأنما ينحط من صبب ، لم أر قبله ولا بعده مثله ، صلى الله عليه وسلم.

Hadhrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports: “Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was neither very tall nor short. The mubaarak hands and feet were well-built and fully fleshed. (These qualities are praiseworthy qualities in a man as it denotes strength and courage, though it is not regarded as praiseworthy qualities for a woman). He had a large head (i.e. in due proportion to his mubaarak body). The joints of the bones were also large (i.e. every aspect of his mubaarak body was developed completely). There was a thin line of hair from the mubaarak chest (moving straight down) to the mubaarak navel. When Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) walked, (on account of his humble manner of walking) it was as though he was walking down from a high place.” (i.e. he never walk with his chest out in boastfulness and pride). Hadhrat Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu) further says, “I had never seen anyone like him neither before him, nor after him.”

Commentary

Generally the intention for mentioning this type of expression ‘I did not see anyone like him’ is to exaggerate and over-emphasize the degree of the exceptional beauty possessed by a person and his beauty being unparallel. However in the case of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), there is really no exaggeration as words can never do justice in capturing the complete beauty of the mubaarak appearance of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Allamah Munaawi wrote that every believer should hold the belief that Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was unique in his beauty, sterling qualities and mubaarak attributes, and that no other person can ever be compared with Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). This is not merely a belief, rather it is a reality. The books on seerah (history of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)) and Ahaadith are replete with descriptions of his beautiful qualities. Therein it is stated that Allah Ta’ala bestowed fully on Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) all the inner kamaalaat (perfection) and zaahiri (apparent) beauty. Two verses (couplets) are narrated from Hadhrat Aayesha (Radiyallahu Anha), the meaning of which is, ‘If the friends of Zulaykha could see the blessed face of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), they would have cut their hearts instead of their hands.’ How true are the words of Hadhrat Aayesha (Radiyallahu Anha)! If you wish to read more about the love of the Sahaabah (Radiyallahu Anhum) – male and female- for Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), then read chapter 8 of my book ‘Stories of the Sahaabah’ (Radiyallahu Anhum).

Monday, 20 April 2015 05:02

Shamaail - Hadith 4

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عن البراء بن عازب قال : ما رأيت من ذي لمة في حلة حمراء أحسن من رسول الله ، له شعر يضرب منكبيه ، بعيد ما بين المنكبين ، لم يكن بالقصير ولا بالطويل.

Hadhrat Baraa’ bin Aazib (Radiyallahu Anhu) reports: I have never seen anyone with long hair and dressed in red-coloured clothing more handsome than Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). His hair reached his shoulders. The area between his mubaarak shoulders was broad. He was neither very tall nor very short (instead his height was moderate, slightly inclined towards being tall).

 

Commentary

The description of the mubaarak hair of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) recorded in this Hadith differs from the description given in the aforementioned Hadith which states that the length of his mubaarak hair was till his earlobes. In reality there is no contradiction between these both Ahaadith, as it is known that the hair does not always remain the same length. At times the hair is short, and at times, it grows and becomes long. At times one intentionally shortens one’s hair and at times one allows it to grow long.

Monday, 20 April 2015 04:51

Shamaail - Hadith 3

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عن البراء بن عازب قال : كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم رجلا مربوعا بعيد ما بين المنكبين ، عظيم الجمة إلى شحمة أذنيه ، عليه حلة حمراء ، ما رأيت شيئا قط أحسن منه.

Hadhrat Baraa’ bin Aazib (Radiyallahu Anhu) relates: “Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was a man of medium height (however slightly taller than medium height as was explained before), he had broad shoulders (from which we understand that he had a broad chest), he had dense hair which reached his mubaarak ear-lobes. He wore a red-striped pair of clothes (i.e. red-striped lungi and shawl). I never saw anything more handsome than him (i.e. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam).”

 

Commentary

In this Hadith, the words رجلا مربوعا is mentioned, which if the letter ‘jeem’ is read with a ‘dhamma’, then it would translate as ‘a man’. This meaning could be intended. In this case the word رجل was added for the purpose of joining. In the Arabic language there are certain similar words which don’t give any extra meaning in the sentence, however it was brought for the purpose of joining other words with it. (i.e. the word مربوع is an attribute describing something. Hence, when the word رجل was brought, one will understand that this quality is in reference to the mubaarak height of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Though the meaning would have been completely understood without adding the word رجل, however it was brought for further clarification). Some Muhadditheen are of the opinion that this word is read with a ‘kasra’ on the ‘jeem’, and thus would translate as ‘between straight and curly’. In this case the word will be in reference to the description of the mubaarak hair of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), and as explained before, his mubaarak hair had a slight curl in it. From this Hadith, some ulama deduce that it is permissible for men to wear red-coloured clothing. However, according to the Hanafis, there are some details in regard to this issue (which are mentioned in the books of fiqh). Therefore before one chooses to wear red-coloured clothing, one should refer to the ulama and find out regarding its permissibility.

The ulama have written that in this Hadith the Sahaabi mentioned that he did not see ‘anything’ more handsome and beautiful than Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). The word ‘anything’ indicates towards the fact that Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam)’s beauty did not only excel the human species, instead it also excelled every other creation of Allah Ta’ala e.g. the moon, sun, and every other creation.

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