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Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said, “Do not speak anything but good regarding Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and the decision that he made concerning the Qur’aan. By Allah, he took this decision concerning the Qur’aan Majeed with the consensus of the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum).” (Saheeh Bukhaari #4987 and Fathul Baari vol. 9 pg. 16)

From this statement, it is clear that Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) loved Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and approved of his decision regarding the compilation of the Qur’aan. Hence, the Qur’aan which Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) believed in and recited is the very same Qur’aan which the Ahl-us-Sunnah wal-Jamaa‘ah believe in and recite.

Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had great love for the Ahl-e-Bayt, the blessed family of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). The following incident sheds light on the loving relationship which they enjoyed. Similarly, it shows the sentiments of indebtedness towards Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and his mubaarak family, the Ahl-e-Bayt, in the heart of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu).

Hazrat Husain (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) mentions the following incident which transpired during his childhood:

Once, I came to Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) while he was seated on the mimbar, delivering a khutbah. I ascended the mimbar towards him and said, “Descend from the mimbar of my father (in some reports, “my grandfather’s mimbar”), and go to your father’s mimbar!” Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) gently and lovingly replied, “My father did not have a mimbar.” Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then picked me up and placed me at his side on the mimbar, where I sat, turning some pebbles in my hand. After he had completed delivering the khutbah, he proceeded to his home with me. He then asked me, “Who told you to come to the mimbar?” I replied, “By Allah, nobody told me.”

Hazrat ‘Ali’s (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) deep love for Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) could be gauged from the following incident. In this incident, besides Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) informing the ummah of the high and lofty position of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), he also expressed the desire to meet Allah Ta‘ala with the actions of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). Hence, we find that Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) greatly loved Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) during his lifetime and even after his demise. He held him in the highest esteem and regarded him to be the greatest leader of this ummah after Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu).

Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)’s love for Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) can be understood from the fact that he named his children after them viz. Abu Bakr bin ‘Ali and ‘Umar bin ‘Ali (rahimahumallah). (Tabaqaat ibnu Sa’d 3/14)

The Shiah claim that Hazrat Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) hated Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) due to them usurping the Khilaafah from him. This claim is false and baseless as it is authentically proven that Hazrat Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) loved Hazrat Abu Bakr and Hazrat Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) and regarded them most worthy for the Khilaafah. In fact, it is reported that Hazrat Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was not pleased with any person becoming the Khalifah after the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) besides Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu).

When Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) became the Khalifah of Islam, many different fitnahs broke out. Among these were the fitnah of those tribes who turned apostate, leaving the fold of Islam, the fitnah of Musailimah, who claimed that he was a Nabi, and the fitnah of the Romans.

In the midst of all these fitnahs, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) decided to dispatch the army of Hazrat Usaamah bin Zaid (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) against the Romans, as this was among the last commands of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) before he departed from this world. All the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum), at this time, were inclined towards not waging war against the Romans who were an outside enemy, but rather to wait for matters to stabilize among the Muslims. Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was determined to carry out the command of Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) at any cost. Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said to the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum), “If you do not wish to accompany me, I will set out alone.” The Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) thereafter realized that the decision of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was correct and they thus supported him.

The Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) enjoyed the greatest relationship of brotherhood of Islam among themselves. The deep-rooted love, affection and concern that each had for the other was unprecedented in the annals of Islam. Over and above this relationship, the relationship that the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) had with the Ahl-e-Bayt was one of utmost reverence, respect and love.

Generally, the Shiahs spread the misconception that the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) did not have love for the Ahl-e-Bayt. However, this notion is incorrect. The compilations of Hadith are replete with narrations and incidents that reveal the strong bond and intense love which existed between the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) and the Ahl-e-Bayt. We will next present various narrations to illustrate the bond of brotherhood of Islam which they enjoyed among themselves.

Hazrat Abu Moosa (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates the following:

I was once in the blessed company of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) in one of the orchards of Madinah Munawwarah when a person came and sought permission to enter the orchard. Hearing the person’s request, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said to me, “Allow him to enter and give him the glad tidings of a high stage in Jannah.” I thus opened the door for the person and found him to be none other than Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). I conveyed to him the glad tidings which Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) had mentioned, at which he praised Allah Ta‘ala in gratitude.

The Shi‘ahs hold the belief that Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) turned apostate after the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) -may Allah Ta’ala forbid.

Mullah Baaqir Majlisi, a prominent Shi‘ah scholar of the eleventh century, has written the following in his book, Haqqul Yaqeen:

Regarding the doctrine of ‘Tabarri’ (disassociating from the enemies of Allah Ta‘ala), we believe that we should seek disassociation from four idols, namely Abu Bakr, ‘Umar, ‘Uthmaan and Mu’awiyah; and from four women, namely ‘Aa’ishah, Hafsah, Hind and Ummul Hakam, along with all their associates and followers. These are the worst creation of Allah. It is not possible to believe in Allah, His Messenger and the Imaams without disassociating oneself from their enemies. (Haqqul Yaqeen 2/519)

Tuesday, 02 October 2018 06:00

The ‘Asharah Mubasharah

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There were ten Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) who were given the glad tidings of Jannah by Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) in one gathering. Due to these Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) receiving the glad tidings of Jannah from Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) in one gathering, they are famously known as the ‘Asharah Mubasharah (the ten who were given glad tidings of Jannah). These were not the only Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) who received glad tidings of Jannah from Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). At other occasions, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) had given individual glad tidings of Jannah to other Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) as well.

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