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Seeratul Mustafaa (130)

Saturday, 23 November 2019 05:07

The Revelation of Surah Kaafiroon

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The Quraish requested Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) to refrain from speaking out against their idols. They further requested that if this was not possible, then they could come to a compromise where Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) should worship their idols for one year, and they would worship his deity for the next year and so forth. When the Quraish made this proposal, the following surah was revealed:

قُلۡ یٰۤاَیُّہَا الۡکٰفِرُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۱﴾ لَاۤ اَعۡبُدُ مَا تَعۡبُدُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۲﴾ وَ لَاۤ اَنۡتُمۡ عٰبِدُوۡنَ مَاۤ اَعۡبُدُ ۚ﴿۳﴾ وَ لَاۤ اَنَا عَابِدٌ مَّا عَبَدۡتُّمۡ ۙ﴿۴﴾ وَ لَاۤ اَنۡتُمۡ عٰبِدُوۡنَ مَاۤ اَعۡبُدُ ؕ﴿۵﴾ لَکُمۡ دِیۡنُکُمۡ وَلِیَ دِیۡنِ ٪﴿۶﴾

Say! O you disbelievers! I do not worship what you worship, nor do you worship that which I worship. Neither will I worship that which you worship, nor will you worship that which I worship. For you is your religion, and for me is my religion. (Surah Kaafiroon)

‘Utbah took his leave from Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and returned to his associates, but the ‘Utbah who returned was not the same ‘Utbah who went. This is why Abu Jahal exclaimed, “’Utbah does not look like the same ‘Utbah. It seems as though ‘Utbah has turned into a Saabi (one who has renounced the religion of his forefathers).”

After Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) replied to ‘Utbah bin Rabee‘ah, he recited the following verses of the Qur’aan Majeed before him:

حٰمٓ ۚ﴿۱﴾ تَنۡزِیۡلٌ مِّنَ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ ۚ﴿۲﴾ کِتٰبٌ فُصِّلَتۡ اٰیٰتُہٗ قُرۡاٰنًا عَرَبِیًّا لِّقَوۡمٍ یَّعۡلَمُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۳﴾ بَشِیۡرًا وَّ نَذِیۡرًا ۚ فَاَعۡرَضَ اَکۡثَرُہُمۡ فَہُمۡ لَا یَسۡمَعُوۡنَ ﴿۴﴾ وَ قَالُوۡا قُلُوۡبُنَا فِیۡۤ اَکِنَّۃٍ مِّمَّا تَدۡعُوۡنَاۤ اِلَیۡہِ وَ فِیۡۤ اٰذَانِنَا وَقۡرٌ وَّ مِنۡۢ بَیۡنِنَا وَ بَیۡنِکَ حِجَابٌ فَاعۡمَلۡ اِنَّنَا عٰمِلُوۡنَ ؓ﴿۵﴾ قُلۡ اِنَّمَاۤ اَنَا بَشَرٌ مِّثۡلُکُمۡ یُوۡحٰۤی اِلَیَّ اَنَّمَاۤ اِلٰـہُکُمۡ اِلٰہٌ وَّاحِدٌ فَاسۡتَقِیۡمُوۡۤا اِلَیۡہِ وَ اسۡتَغۡفِرُوۡہُ ؕ وَ وَیۡلٌ لِّلۡمُشۡرِکِیۡنَ ۙ﴿۶﴾ الَّذِیۡنَ لَا یُؤۡتُوۡنَ الزَّکٰوۃَ وَ ہُمۡ بِالۡاٰخِرَۃِ ہُمۡ کٰفِرُوۡنَ ﴿۷﴾ اِنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَ عَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ لَہُمۡ اَجۡرٌ غَیۡرُ مَمۡنُوۡنٍ ٪﴿۸﴾ قُلۡ اَئِنَّکُمۡ لَتَکۡفُرُوۡنَ بِالَّذِیۡ خَلَقَ الۡاَرۡضَ فِیۡ یَوۡمَیۡنِ وَ تَجۡعَلُوۡنَ لَہٗۤ اَنۡدَادًا ؕ ذٰلِکَ رَبُّ الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ ۚ﴿۹﴾ وَ جَعَلَ فِیۡہَا رَوَاسِیَ مِنۡ فَوۡقِہَا وَ بٰرَکَ فِیۡہَا وَ قَدَّرَ فِیۡہَاۤ اَقۡوَاتَہَا فِیۡۤ اَرۡبَعَۃِ اَیَّامٍ ؕ سَوَآءً لِّلسَّآئِلِیۡنَ ﴿۱۰﴾ ثُمَّ اسۡتَوٰۤی اِلَی السَّمَآءِ وَ ہِیَ دُخَانٌ فَقَالَ لَہَا وَ لِلۡاَرۡضِ ائۡتِیَا طَوۡعًا اَوۡ کَرۡہًا ؕ قَالَتَاۤ اَتَیۡنَا طَآئِعِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱﴾ فَقَضٰہُنَّ سَبۡعَ سَمٰوَاتٍ فِیۡ یَوۡمَیۡنِ وَ اَوۡحٰی فِیۡ کُلِّ سَمَآءٍ اَمۡرَہَا ؕ وَ زَیَّنَّا السَّمَآءَ الدُّنۡیَا بِمَصَابِیۡحَ ٭ۖ وَ حِفۡظًا ؕ ذٰلِکَ تَقۡدِیۡرُ الۡعَزِیۡزِ الۡعَلِیۡمِ ﴿۱۲﴾ فَاِنۡ اَعۡرَضُوۡا فَقُلۡ اَنۡذَرۡتُکُمۡ صٰعِقَۃً مِّثۡلَ صٰعِقَۃِ عَادٍ وَّ ثَمُوۡدَ ﴿ؕ۱۳﴾

Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) asked ‘Utbah bin Rabee‘ah, “O Abul Waleed! Have you said what you wish to say?” When ‘Utbah replied in the affirmative, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Very well, now listen to what I wish to say. I neither crave for your riches and wealth nor do I have any inclination towards your leadership and rule. I am the Rasul of Allah Ta‘ala whom He has sent to you with His divine message. He has revealed a divine book unto me and has commanded me to give you glad tidings of His reward and warnings of His punishment. I have conveyed His message to you, and as a form of good counsel and wishing good for you, I have cautioned you. If you accept this message, it will be a source of success for you in both the worlds. However, if you fail to accept this message, I am willing to exercise patience until Allah Ta‘ala passes judgment between us.”

(To be continued)

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa 1/186)

‘Utbah bin Rabee‘ah addressed Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and said, “O nephew! Why do you have to concern yourself with these issues? If it is wealth that you desire, we will amass so much of wealth for you that even the richest man will not be able to rival you. If you wish to get married, we will get you married to whichever woman you wish and to how many women you want. If honour and leadership is what you desire, we will elect you as our leader. If you aspire to take on the reigns of government and kingship, we will appoint you as our king. If an evil spirit possesses you, we will provide the treatment to remove it.”

(To be continued)

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa 1/186)

Thursday, 08 August 2019 15:11

The Spread of Islam and the Quraish of Makkah Mukarramah

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When the Quraish saw that Hazrat Hamzah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had also embraced Islam, and with every passing day, the number of the Muslims was increasing, Abu Jahal, ‘Utbah, Shaibah, Waleed bin Mugheerah, Umayyah bin Khalaf, Aswad bin Muttalib and other leaders of the Quraish held a meeting in which they appointed ‘Utbah bin Rabee‘ah as their spokesman to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). He was a man unrivalled by any of his contemporaries in sorcery, soothsaying and poetry.

According to the narration of Mustadrak Haakim, when Hazrat Hamzah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) appeared before Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), he declared:

أشهد أنك لصادق شهادة المصدق والعارف

I give the testimony of one who has belief and knows what he is testifying to that you are definitely the true Nabi.

He then said, “O my nephew! You may proclaim your deen in public. By Allah! Even if I am offered the whole world and whatever is contained in it, I will not renounce your religion and prefer the religion of my forefathers.”

Saying this, he composed the following poetry:

According to the narration of Mustadrak Haakim, when Hazrat Hamzah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) appeared before Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), he declared:

أشهد أنك لصادق شهادة المصدق والعارف

I give the testimony of one who has belief and knows what he is testifying to that you are definitely the true Nabi.

He then said, “O my nephew! You may proclaim your deen in public. By Allah! Even if I am offered the whole world and whatever is contained in it, I will not renounce your religion and prefer the religion of my forefathers.”

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa 1/183-184)

When Hazrat Hamzah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) returned home, shaitaan began to instil doubts in his mind telling him, “O Hamzah! You are one of the leaders of the Quraish! How could you have followed this saabi (one who abandoned the religion of his forefathers)? Why have you abandoned the religion of your forefathers? It would have been better for you to die than to do this!”

Due to the attacks of shaitaan, Hazrat Hamzah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) fell into some uncertainty and doubt. Hazrat Hamzah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) relates, “I then turned to Allah Ta‘ala and made the following du‘aa:

اللهم إن كان رشدا فاجعل تصديقه في قلبي وإلا فاجعل لي مما وقعت فيه مخرجا

O Allah! If this religion that I have accepted is guidance, place its conviction into the depths of my heart! If it is not guidance then make a way for me to come out of it!”

According to another narration, Hazrat Hamzah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) passed the night in this state of anxiety and restlessness. He was unable to sleep for even a moment. When this anxiety persisted and did not cease, he proceeded to the haram and made the following du‘aa with utmost humility, “O Allah! Open my heart to accept the truth and remove these doubts from my heart!”

The moment Hazrat Hamzah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) heard that Abu Jahal had spoken harshly to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), he became enraged and set out in search of Abu Jahal.

It was the habit of Hazrat Hamzah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) that on returning from a hunt, he would first visit the haram. Accordingly, he came to the haram first and saw Abu Jahal sitting there with a group of the Quraish. He went towards Abu Jahal, and the moment he reached him, he struck him on the head with his bow so severely that his head was wounded. He then reprimanded him saying, “You have the audacity to hurl abuse at Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)? I myself am a follower of his deen!”

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