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Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) (11)

Monday, 23 October 2017 06:48

Studying Under Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) – Part Two

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The governor of Madinah Munawwarah said to the slave girl, “Tell him that I have a letter from the governor of Makkah Mukarramah regarding an urgent affair.” The slave girl entered the home, and after some time, returned with a chair which she placed on the ground. We then met Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah), a man who was advanced in age and tall in stature. When Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) exited his home to meet us, he exuded awe and dignity, and was wearing a taylasaan (a shawl worn over the head and shoulders).

The governor of Madinah Munawwarah handed the letter of the governor of Makkah Mukarramah to Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) who commenced reading it. When he reached the part of the letter in which the governor had written, “This (i.e. Imaam Shaafi‘ee (rahimahullah)) is a man who is noble in his affairs and condition. You should teach him Hadith.” Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) threw the letter down and exclaimed, “Subhaanallah! Has the knowledge of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) become so cheap that it can now be acquired through a mere casual request?”

Hazrat Ja’far bin ‘Abdillah (rahimahullah) narrates the following:

We were once with Imaam Maalik bin Anas (rahimahullah) when a man came to him and asked, “O Abu ‘Abdillah! The Qur’aan Majeed mentions:

اَلرَّحۡمٰنُ عَلَی الۡعَرۡشِ اسۡتَوٰی ﴿۵﴾

Rahmaan (Allah Ta‘ala) has positioned Himself on the throne

How did Allah Ta‘ala position Himself on the throne?”

Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) was greatly affected by the question. Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) looked at the ground and began to scratch at it with a stick in his hand, until his body was covered in perspiration (as this critical question related to the zaat of Allah Ta‘ala and one should be extremely cautious in wrongly attributing anything to Allah Ta‘ala).

Sunday, 13 August 2017 06:43

The Importance of all Departments of Deen

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Haafiz ibn ‘Abdil Barr (rahimahullah) narrates the following:

‘Abdullah Al-‘Umuri (rahimahullah), who was renowned for exerting himself in ‘ibaadah, once wrote a letter to Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) in which he exhorted Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) to go into seclusion and exert himself in ‘ibaadah. Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) wrote the following reply:

Allah has indeed divided and distributed A’maal (righteous deeds and actions of worship) just as He has divided and distributed sustenance. Hence, how many a person is blessed to perform abundant Salaah, yet is not blessed to fast abundantly? Another person may be blessed to give abundant charity, yet is not blessed to fast abundantly, and there may be another person who is blessed to strive in Jihaad. The propagation of ‘Ilm (Deeni knowledge) is among the most virtuous of righteous actions, and I am happy and content that Allah has chosen this ‘ibaadah for me. Furthermore, I do not regard the ‘ibaadah that I am involved in to be any less virtuous or important than the ‘ibaadah that you are involved in. Rather, I hope that we are both on the path of righteousness and piety.

(Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa’ 8/114)

Muhammad bin ‘Umar (Imaam Waaqidi) (rahimahullah) says that he heard Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) mention the following:

When Al-Mansoor (the Muslim ruler) performed Haj, he summoned me. I thus answered his summons and went to him. After entering into his presence, we held a conversation during which he asked me questions and I answered him.

Al-Mansoor then said to me, “I have decided to instruct for copies to be made of your kitaabs (i.e. the kitaabs of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) that formed his compilation of Hadith known as Al-Muwatta) after which I will send one copy to each city of the Muslims. I will command them to practice on what is in your kitaab and abandon all other knowledge which has reached them. I wish to do this because I feel that the basis of knowledge is only the narrations and knowledge of the people of Madinah Munawwarah.”

Thursday, 13 April 2017 05:58

Caution in Fatwa

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Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) was extremely cautious in passing Fatwa. He was once asked forty questions. Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) answered four of the questions and remarked regarding the remaining thirty six questions, “I do not know.” (Mirqaat vol. 1 pg. 528)

Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) once mentioned, “I did not commence passing Fatwa until seventy ulamaa testified that I was capable of passing Fatwa.” (Hilyatul Awliyaa vol. 6 pg. 345)

Monday, 20 March 2017 13:34

Aversion for Pictures

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Imaam Shaafi‘ee (rahimahullah) narrates the following incident:

On one occasion, a person asked Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) whether pictures of animate objects could be kept in one’s home. Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) replied, “Pictures should not be kept in the home.”

Hearing this, a man from Iraq, who happened to be present, asked Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah), “Then how is it that there is a picture in your home?” Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) was surprised to hear this and immediately said, “I have been living in this home for such-and-such a period and I never saw the picture! (perhaps the picture was in a place that was not clearly noticeable) ” Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) then instructed the man saying, “Stand and erase the picture.” The man thus took a stick, wrapped a piece of cloth around it, and used it to rub the picture until it was completely erased.”

(Al-Deebaaj-ul-Muzahhab vol. 1 pg. 97)

Sunday, 12 February 2017 05:50

The Steadfastness of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah)

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Imaam Waaqidi (rahimahullah), the renowned historian, narrates that many people were jealous of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah). Hence, they went to Ja’far bin Sulaimaan who was the governor of Madinah Munawwarah at that time. One of them said to the governor, “Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) does not have regard for the pledges of allegiance made to you. Also, he accepts the Hadith regarding the divorce of a compelled person being invalid and thus passes the Fatwa that the divorce of a compelled person is invalid.”

When Ja’far bin Sulaimaan heard this, he became angry and summoned Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah). When Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) was brought, his arms were pulled until his shoulders were dislocated.

Imaam Waaqidi (rahimahullah) concludes by mentioning, “By Allah! After he was beaten, Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) remained in honor and high regard among the people.”

Sunday, 22 January 2017 05:15

A Blessed Dream

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Khalaf bin ‘Umar (rahimahullah) narrates:

I was once with Imaam Maalik bin Anas (rahimahullah) when ibn Abi Katheer (rahimahullah), the Qari of the people of Madinah Munawwarah, approached him and handed a piece of paper to him. On receiving the piece of paper, Imaam Maalim (rahimahullah) glanced at it and thereafter placed it beneath the musallah. When ibn Abi Katheer (rahimahullah) stood to leave, I also began to stand, but Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) said to me, “O Khalaf! Sit, and hand me the piece of paper.”

Wednesday, 30 November 2016 14:14

Glad Tidings

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Hafiz Jalaal-ud-Deen Suyooti (rahimahullah) says that the ‘Ulamaa have mentioned that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) had issued glad tidings in favor of Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) in the following manner:

“Soon a time will come when people will travel lengthy journeys beating their camels in pursuit of ‘ilm. They will not find anyone as learned as the ‘Aalim of Madinah.”

Abu Salamah Khuzaa‘ee (rahimahullah) mentions:

Whenever Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) intended to go and narrate the Ahaadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), he would first perform wudhu, as a person performs wudhu for salaah. He would also wear his best clothing, wear a topi and comb his beard. When somebody asked him the reason for this, he replied, “I do this to honor the Ahaadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).”

(Tahzeebul Kamaal 27/110)