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Wednesday, 17 July 2019 16:32

Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Four

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Inviting to Islam

Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was a person with whom his people were well acquainted. He was beloved to his people and he was also soft and gentle in nature. He was the most knowledgeable regarding the lineage of the various tribes that were part of the Quraish. Similarly, he was the most knowledgeable regarding the conditions and history of the Quraish and the good and bad that transpired among the Quraish. He was a businessman who possessed excellent character and virtue. His people would come to him and confide in him regarding various affairs, due to his knowledge, business acumen and the benefit of sitting in his company.

Wednesday, 10 July 2019 13:19

Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Three

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First to Accept Islam from the Men

Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was the first among the free men to accept the invitation of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and enter into the fold of Islam. (Al-Bidaayah-wan-Nihaayah 3/28)

Spontaneously Accepting the Invitation of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)

Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) mentioned:

ما دعوت أحدا إلى الإسلام إلا كانت له عنه كبوة وتردد ونظر إلا أبا بكر ما عتم حين ذكرته له ما تردد فيه

(At the beginning of Islam,) whoever I invited to Islam expressed some reservation, uncertainty and doubt regarding it, with the exception of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). When I invited him to Islam, he readily embraced it, without an iota of doubt and reservation.

(Usdul Ghaabah 3/21)

Wednesday, 03 July 2019 12:27

Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Two

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The Reason for being given the Title As-Siddeeq:

Hazrat ‘Aa’ishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) reports that on the occasion of Mi’raaj, when Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was taken by night from Musjid Haraam to Musjid Aqsa (and thereafter to the seven heavens), then upon his return, he informed the people of Makkah regarding the miraculous journey that transpired during the night.

The people of Makkah doubted the words of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and thus began to ridicule him. Some people even reneged from Islam who had previously believed in Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Nevertheless, when Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was informed by certain people (who were trying to provoke him) regarding what had transpired, he responded by saying, “Indeed I fully testify to what Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) has said. I have believed him in that which is even more difficult to believe, I believe him when he says that revelation comes to him from the heavens to the earth in a single moment during the night or day (so why should I then doubt him in this matter?).”

It was after this incident that he received the title As-Siddeeq (the most truthful).

(Usdul Ghaabah 3/21 and Seerat-ul-Halabiyyah1/379)

Thursday, 27 June 2019 07:26

Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part One

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Name: ‘Abdullah bin ‘Uthmaan bin ‘Aamir

Kunyah (filial title): Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)

Father’s name: ‘Uthmaan, Abu Quhaafah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)

Mother’s name: Salmaa bint Sakhr, Ummul Khair (radhiyallahu ‘anha)

Titles: Al-‘Ateeq and As-Siddeeq

Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had two famous titles. One was Al-‘Ateeq (the one who gained emancipation from the fire) and the other was As-Siddeeeq (the most truthful). (Usdul Ghaabah 3/20)

Wednesday, 19 June 2019 06:03

Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Fifty

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The Inscription on His Ring:

Hazrat ‘Amr bin ‘Uthmaan (rahimahullah) mentions that the ring of Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had the following words inscribed on it, “I have brought Imaan in that Being who has created everything in its due proportion.” (Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa 2/156)

Demise:

Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was approximately 82 years old when he was martyred. (Taareekh-ul-Islam 2/481)

He was martyred on Friday the twelfth of Zul-Hijjah in the year 35 AH (Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa 2/162)

Period of His Khilaafah

Hazrat Qataadah (rahimahullah) reports that the period of the khilaafah of Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was twelve years. (Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa 2/161)

(Continuing with the Ahaadith relating to the fitnah in the time of Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu))

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that he heard Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) mention the following, “Indeed you will encounter after me a great fitnah.” Hearing this, one of the Sahaabah asked, “Who should we hold onto and follow during this fitnah, O Rasul of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)?” Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) replied, “Hold onto the trustworthy one and his companions (referring to Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)).” (Fadhaa’il-us-Sahaabah lil-Imaam Ahmed #723)

In various Ahaadith, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) had prophesized that a fitnah would break out during the era of Hazrat ‘Uthmaan’s (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) khilaafah. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) also mentioned that Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) would be on the haq in this fitnah, however he would be martyred.

Some of these Ahaadith are:

Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) reports the following: On one occasion, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) made mention of a fitnah that was to occur in the future. At that moment, a certain Sahaabi passed by while covering his head with a shawl. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) gestured towards him and said, “In that fitnah, this person, whose head is covered with a shawl, will be killed unjustly.” Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) then said, “When I looked at the man, I saw that he was none other than Hazrat ‘Uthmaan bin ‘Affaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu).” (Fadhaa’il-us-Sahaabah lil-Imaam Ahmed #724)

‘Uthmaan bin Mawhab (rahimahullah) narrates the following:

On one occasion, a person from Egypt arrived in Makkah Mukarramah and performed haj. While in Makkah Mukaaramah, he saw a group of people seated and asked, “Who are these people?” They replied, “These are the Quraish.” He then asked, “Who is the most learned amongst them?” They replied, “The most learned among them is Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma).”

The Egyptian man thus addressed Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) saying, “O Ibnu ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma)! I wish to ask you regarding something, so please answer my questions.” The man thereafter commenced asking his questions. He asked, “Do you know that Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) fled during the Battle of Uhud?” Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) replied, “Yes.”

The man next asked, “Do you know that Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was absent during the Battle of Badr?” Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) replied, “Yes.”

Finally, the man asked, “Do you know that Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was absent during the Bay‘ah of Ridwaan and did not participate in it?” Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) replied, “Yes.” As this Egyptian was biased against Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and had ill feelings for him, he exclaimed, “Allahu Akbar!” in happiness, thinking that Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) supported the stance that he held against Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) then said to him, “Come, let me explain to you the reality of what you are asking about.”

According to some narrations, before Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) commenced dictating the letter, he said to Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), “Give me mashura and advise me regarding who I should appoint as the Khalifah, for by Allah, in my sight, you are also worthy of the position of Khilaafah.” Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “I will write the name of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)” and he then commenced writing the letter. However, when he reached the point where the name of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had to be written, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) fell unconscious. Since, Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) knew that Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) wanted Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to be the next Khalifah, he wrote his name.

Thereafter, when Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) regained consciousness, he specified, “Write the name of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu).”

(Hayaatus Sahaabah 2/ 31-33)

Wednesday, 13 February 2019 04:07

Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Forty Five

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Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then called Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) in private and gave him certain advices. Thereafter, when Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) left the room, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) raised his hands high and made the following du‘aa:

O Allah! I only intended the good and benefit of the ummah in appointing Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). I fear that if I do not appoint the correct person, the people will fall into fitnah after my demise, and hence I have decided that which I felt was most appropriate, but You know best. After pondering deeply over the matter, I have appointed over them the one whom I felt was the best among them, the most capable of leading the people, and the most desirous for that which will ensure their guidance and goodness. I am now beset by Your command of death which has come to me, so You see to their affairs after me, as they are Your slaves and their forelocks are in Your control. I beseech You to decide that which is the best for them in appointing their Khalifah after me. Make Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) be among the Khulafaa-e-Raashideen (rightly guided Khalifas) who will follow the blessed way and example of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), the Nabi of mercy, and the way of all the righteous servants whose positions come after the position of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) (from the Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam)) after him, and make his subjects righteous and obedient to him.

(Hayaatus Sahaabah 2/ 31-33)

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