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Shamaail (10)

عن محمد بن المنكدر قال سمعت جابر بن عبد الله يقول ما سئل رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم شيئا قط فقال لا (الشمائل المحمدية للترمذي رقم: 335)

Hazrat Jaabir (radhiyallahu anhu) mentions, “Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) never said no to the request of any person.”

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: استأذن رجل على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وأنا عنده فقال بئس ابن العشيرة أو أخو العشيرة ثم أذن له فلما دخل ألان له القول فلما خرج قلت يا رسول الله قلت ما قلت ثم ألنت له القول فقال: يا عائشة إن من شر الناس من تركه الناس أو ودعه الناس اتقاء فحشه (الشمائل المحمدية للترمذي، الرقم: 333)

Hazrat Aa’ishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) reports:

On one occasion, while I was present with Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), a certain person sought permission to enter his noble presence. (Before the person entered the mubaarak presence of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)), Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) remarked, “How evil is this person from the people of his tribe”. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) then permitted him to enter. When he entered, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) spoke to him in a polite and courteous manner. After he left, I asked Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), “O Rasul of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)! You mentioned to me (prior to his entry) that which you mentioned (regarding his condition), yet you thereafter spoke to him in a polite and courteous manner?” Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) then replied, “O Aa’ishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha)! Indeed the worst person is he whom people avoid or disassociate with in order to save themselves from his evil.”

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت: ما رأيت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم منتصرا من مظلمة ظلمها قط ما لم ينتهك من محارم الله تعالى شيء فإذا انتهك من محارم الله تعالى شيء كان من أشدهم في ذلك غضبا وما خير بين أمرين إلا اختار أيسرهما ما لم يكن مأثما (الشمائل المحمدية للترمذي، الرقم: 332)

Hazrat Aa’ishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) reports, “I never saw Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) ever (become angry and) take revenge for his personal self in regard to any injustice that was done to him, (and he never expressed anger) so long as the limits of Allah Ta‘ala were not broken. However, if any of the limits of Allah Ta‘ala were violated, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) would become extremely angry on account of that. Whenever Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was given a choice between two options, he always chose the easier option, provided it (the option he chose) was not a sin.”

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها قالت ما ضرب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم بيده شيئا قط إلا أن يجاهد في سبيل الله ولا ضرب خادما ولا امرأة (الشمائل المحمدية للترمذي، الرقم: 331)

Hazrat Aa’ishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) mentioned that apart from Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) fighting in the path of Allah Ta‘ala, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) never ever hit anything with his blessed hand (whether human or animal, to cause it pain). And Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) never (ever) hit a servant (a slave serving him or a free person) nor a woman.

Commentary:

In this Hadith, Hazrat Aa’ishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) explained the mubaarak and noble character of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) when dealing with the entire creation, whether human beings or animals.

She mentioned that apart from jihaad, which was the right of Allah Ta‘ala, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) never caused pain to any creation for his personal self. Even if pain was caused to him, he forgave the person who caused him pain and overlooked his ill treatment. In fact, after forgiving those who inflicted pain upon him, he never ever reminded them of their ill treatment, but showed them greater love, compassion and kindness.

عن عائشة رضي الله عنها أنها قالت: لم يكن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فاحشا ولا متفحشا ولا صخابا في الأسواق ولا يجزي بالسيئة السيئة ولكن يعفو ويصفح (الشمائل المحمدية للترمذي رقم: 330)

Hazrat Aa’ishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) reports, “By nature, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was never obscene and indecent, and nor did he ever intentionally display obscenity and indecency (before any class of people), nor would Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) raise his voice while speaking or shout while in the market place. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) would not retaliate by treating a person badly for the wrong which he had done to him, but instead he would forgive and pardon the person for what he had done.”

عن أنس بن مالك عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم أنه كان عنده رجل به أثر صفرة قال وكان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وآله وسلم لا يكاد يواجه أحدا بشيء يكرهه فلما قام قال للقوم لو قلتم له يدع هذه الصفرة (الشمائل المحمدية للترمذي رقم: 329)

Hazrat Anas bin Maalik (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that on one occasion, a person wearing clothing which had a trace of yellow dye (from saffron or safflower) on it was seated in the mubaarak gathering of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). It was the (noble) habit of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) that he would not directly address a person (and correct him) in regard to something he disapproved of. (Therefore, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) remained silent.) Thereafter, when the person stood and left the gathering, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) addressed those who were present in the gathering saying, “It would have been better if you had told him to leave using this yellow dye (i.e. you should correct him and advise him to stop using this dye as yellow dye is only permissible for women).”

عن أنس بن مالك قال: خدمت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم عشر سنين فما قال لي أف قط وما قال لي لشيء صنعته لم صنعته ولا لشيء تركته لم تركته وكان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من أحسن الناس خلقا ولا مسست خزا ولا حريرا ولا شيئا كان ألين من كف رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم ولا شممت مسكا قط ولا عطرا كان أطيب من عرق رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم (الشمائل المحمدية للترمذي رقم: 328)

Hazrat Anas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports, “I remained in the service of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) for ten years. (During the entire ten years,) He (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) never ever (reprimanded me and) said “Oof!” to me, nor did he ever say to me regarding any specific action which I had done, “Why did you do such-and-such an action?” nor (did he ever say to me) regarding any specific action that I had not done, “Why did you not do such-and-such an action?” And from all of mankind, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) had the best character. I never touched any cloth that was made of silk and another material, nor a cloth made of pure silk, nor have I touched any other substance that was more smooth (and gentle) than the blessed palm of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), and I never smelt any musk or any other perfume that was more fragrant (and sweet) than the blessed perspiration of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).”

عن عمرو بن العاص قال: كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يقبل بوجهه وحديثه على أشر القوم يتألفهم بذلك فكان يقبل بوجهه وحديثه علي حتى ظننت أني خير القوم فقلت: يا رسول الله أنا خير أو أبو بكر فقال: أبو بكر فقلت: يا رسول الله أنا خير أم عمر فقال: عمر فقلت: يا رسول الله أنا خير أم عثمان فقال: عثمان فلما سألت رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم فصدقني فلوددت أني لم أكن سألته (الشمائل المحمدية للترمذي رقم: 327)

Hazrat Amr bin Aas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) would show special attention towards even the worst of people through turning his mubaarak countenance towards them and speaking to them in a special way, thereby showing love to them (and drawing them towards himself). Hence, (I noticed that) Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) would show me special attention and speak to me in a special way, until I began to think that I was the best of people (and most beloved to him). I therefore once asked, “O Rasul of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)! Am I greater, or is Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) greater (in position)?” Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) replied, “Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) is greater than you.” I then enquired, “O Rasul of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)! Am I greater, or is Hazrat Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) greater?” Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) answered, “Hazrat Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) is greater than you.” Thereafter, I asked, “O Rasul of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)! Am I greater, or is Hazrat Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) greater?” Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) responded, “Hazrat Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) is greater than you.” Upon asking Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) these questions, I found that he was honest to me (i.e. in explaining to me that I was lower in position than these great Sahaabah), then I (felt sad for asking such questions and) wished that I had not asked him these questions.”

عن خارجة بن زيد بن ثابت قال: دخل نفر على زيد بن ثابت فقالوا له حدثنا أحاديث رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: ماذا أحدثكم كنت جاره فكان إذا نزل عليه الوحي بعث إلي فكتبته له فكنا إذا ذكرنا الدنيا ذكرها معنا وإذا ذكرنا الآخرة ذكرها معنا وإذا ذكرنا الطعام ذكره معنا فكل هذا أحدثكم عن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم (الشمائل المحمدية للترمذي رقم: 326)

Hazrat Khaarijah bin Zaid bin Thaabit (rahimahullah) reports: On one occasion, a group of people came to (his father,) Hazrat Zaid bin Thaabit (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), and said, “Explain to us some facts about the mubaarak ways and qualities of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).” Hazrat Zaid (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “What can I say? (i.e. it is beyond my ability to do justice in describing the mubaarak ways and qualities of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)). I was his neighbor (on account of which I was well acquainted with his mubaarak life). When wahi (divine revelation) would descend upon him, he would send for me so that I may write it (the wahi) for him. Whenever we (the Sahaabah) would engage in a discussion relating to the dunya, he (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) would join us in the discussion (and would explain important aspects relating to our discussion), and whenever we would engage in a discussion relating to the Aakhirah, he (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) would join us in the discussion. Whenever we discussed (some aspects relating to) food, he (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) would join us in the discussion (and would explain important aspects relating to food). All of this which I have explained to you is from the blessed ways and qualities of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).” (Shamaa’il Tirmizi #326)

All praise is due to Allah Ta‘ala and may the choicest durood (salutations) and salaam (peace) descend upon the noblest of Ambiyaa and Rasuls, our master and leader, Hazrat Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), as well as upon his blessed household and all his illustrious companions (radhiyallahu ‘anhum).

It is the belief of every Muslim that those who enjoy the highest rank from the creation of Allah Ta‘ala are the Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam). From the galaxy of Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam), the highest in rank and status is Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Hence, not only is Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) the final messenger of Allah Ta‘ala and the seal of prophethood, but he is also the leader of all the Ambiyaa and Rasuls (‘alaihimus salaam).

The esteemed position which Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) enjoys in the sight of Allah Ta‘ala can be gauged from the fact that Allah Ta‘ala has declared in the Holy Qur’aan that the only way to gain His love is to emulate the mubaarak sunnah of His beloved Rasul (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) in all aspects of life. (Surah Aal-e-Imraan v.31)