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What is Islam - eBook

  

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عن يزيد بن أبي سعيد المدني مولى المهدي قال ودعت عمر بن عبد العزيز فقال إن لي إليك حاجة قال يا أمير المؤمنين كيف ترى حاجتك عندي قال إني أراك إذا أتيت المدينة سترى قبر النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فأقرئه مني السلام أخرجه ابن أبي الدنيا ومن طريقه البيهقي في الشعب وعن حاتم بن وردان قال كان عمر بن عبد العزيز يوجه البريد من الشام قاصدا المدينة ليقرئ النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم عنه السلام أخرجه البيهقي في الشعب (القول البديع ص421)

Yazeed bin Abi Sa‘eed Al-Madani mentions, “On one occasion (when intending to travel to Madinah Munawwarah), I bid farewell to Hazrat ‘Umar bin ‘Abdil ‘Azeez (rahimahullah). Hazrat ‘Umar (rahimahullah) said to me, ‘I have a wish which I need you to fulfill for me.’ I replied, ‘O Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen! What wish do you need me to fulfill?’ He answered, ‘When you reach Madinah Munawwarah and you see the blessed grave of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), then convey my salaams to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).’”

Haatim bin Wardaan reports, “Hazrat ‘Umar bin ‘Abdil ‘Azeez (rahimahullah) would send a messenger from Shaam to Madinah Munawwarah (without any other purpose except) to convey his salaam to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).”

Wednesday, 30 October 2019 05:13

The Practice of Eighty Durood after Asr on Friday

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Q: Is the eighty durood that is recited after Asr on Friday a practice which is established in Deen? Does it have a source in the Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)?

A: The practice of reciting eighty durood after Asr on Friday is established in Deen. This practice is established from the following Hadith of Hazrat Abu Hurairah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu):

وعن أبي هريرة رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم من صلى صلاة العصر من يوم الجمعة فقال قبل أن يقوم من مكانه اللهم صل على محمد النبي الأمي وعلى آله وسلم تسليماً ثمانين مرة غفرت له ذنوب ثمانين عاماً وكتبت له عبادة ثمانين سنة (القول البديع عن ابن بشكوال صـ 399)

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “The one who performs Asr Salaah on Friday and thereafter recites eighty times before standing up from his place اللهم صل على محمد النبي الأمي وعلى آله وسلم تسليماً, eighty years of sins are forgiven for him and eighty years of (nafl) ibaadat are written for him”.

Q: My question pertains to interest which I know is forbidden in Islam and is seen as a great sin. However, in the modern world, through mortgages, insurances, etc., it seems virtually impossible to avoid riba/interest. I have looked into Islamic banking in the UK but I see it to be an awful alternative as it still essentially charges riba but with some clever play on words. So, my question is. “How do you live in the modern world without participating in interest as I am struggling to see alternatives?”

Thursday, 24 October 2019 05:17

Seeking Goodness from its Source

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عن أبي هريرة قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: من قرأ القرآن وحمد الرب وصلى على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم ويستغفر ربه فقد طلب الخير مكانه (شعب الإيمان رقم 2084)

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “The one who recites the Qur’aan Majeed, praises Allah Ta‘ala, recites durood upon Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and seeks forgiveness from his Rabb has sought goodness from the true source of goodness (i.e. he has carried out actions which are a source of goodness for him).”

Wednesday, 09 October 2019 18:52

The Honor of Being with the Martyrs on the Day of Qiyaamah

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عن أنس بن مالك قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: من صلى علي صلاة واحدة صلى الله عليه بها عشرا ومن صلى علي عشرا صلى الله عليه مائة ومن صلى علي مائة كتب الله له براءة من النفاق بين عينيه وبراءة من النار وأنزله الله يوم القيامة مع الشهداء (مجمع الزوائد رقم 17298)

Hazrat Anas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Whoever sends salutations upon me once, then as a reward for it, Allah Ta‘ala will send salutations (i.e. reward him and shower His mercy) upon him ten times, and whoever sends salutations upon me ten times, Allah Ta‘ala will send salutations (i.e. reward him and shower His mercy) upon him one hundred times, and whoever sends salutations upon me one hundred times, Allah Ta‘ala will write for him (a certificate of) emancipation, between his eyes, from hypocrisy, and (a certificate of) emancipation from the fire of Jahannum, and Allah Ta‘ala will honor him to be with the martyrs on the Day of Qiyaamah.”

Thursday, 03 October 2019 06:03

Reciting Durood before Making Du‘aa

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عن فضالة بن عبيد قال: بينا رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قاعد إذ دخل رجل فصلى فقال: اللهم اغفر لي وارحمني فقال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: عجلت أيها المصلي إذا صليت فقعدت فاحمد الله بما هو أهله وصل علي ثم ادعه قال: ثم صلى رجل آخر بعد ذلك فحمد الله وصلى على النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال له النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: أيها المصلي ادع تجب (سنن الترمذي رقم: 3476)

Hazrat Fadhaalah bin ‘Ubaid (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) mentions that on one occasion, while Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was seated (in the musjid), a certain person entered and performed salaah. After performing salaah, the person made du‘aa saying, “O Allah Ta‘ala! Forgive me and shower Your mercy upon me!” Observing the manner in which this person had made du‘aa, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) addressed him saying, “You have hastened (in asking Allah Ta‘ala for your need), O musalli! After performing salaah, when you are seated to make du‘aa, commence by first praising Allah Ta‘ala as He is worthy of being praised. Thereafter, recite durood upon me, and then present your need to Allah Ta‘ala.” Thereafter, another person performed salaah. After performing salaah, he praised Allah Ta‘ala, recited durood upon Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) (and then commenced making du‘aa). Observing this person (and him adhering to the etiquettes of du‘aa), Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said to him, “O Musalli! Make du‘aa, for your du‘aa will be accepted!”

Harthamah narrates:

On one occasion, I came to Imaam Shaafi‘ee (rahimahullah) and informed him that Ameer-ul-Mu’mineen, Haroon Rasheed, had conveyed salaams to him. I also informed him that Haroon Rasheed had given the instruction that he should be given five thousand dinaars (gold coins) as a gift.

‘Utbah took his leave from Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and returned to his associates, but the ‘Utbah who returned was not the same ‘Utbah who went. This is why Abu Jahal exclaimed, “’Utbah does not look like the same ‘Utbah. It seems as though ‘Utbah has turned into a Saabi (one who has renounced the religion of his forefathers).”

Sunday, 01 September 2019 07:21

Sunnats of Greeting – Part Eight

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9. One should make salaam upon entering the home. If there is no one present within the home, he should make salaam by saying, “Assalaamu ‘Alainaa Wa‘alaa ‘Ibaadillahis Saaliheen”.

عن أنس بن مالك رضي الله عنه قال: قال لي رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: يا بني إذا دخلت على أهلك فسلم يكون بركة عليك وعلى أهل بيتك (سنن الترمذي رقم 2698)

Hazrat Anas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) once said to me, "O my beloved son, upon entering your home, greet your family (i.e. the inmates of the home) with salaam. This will be a means of earning blessings for yourself and your family.”

عن ابن عمر في الرجل يدخل في البيت أو في المسجد ليس فيه أحد قال: يقول: السلام علينا وعلى عباد الله الصالحين (المصنف لابن أبي شيبة رقم 26353)

It is reported that Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) mentioned regarding a person who enters a home or the Musjid wherein no one is present that he should say, “Assalaamu ‘Alainaa Wa‘alaa ‘Ibaadillahis Saaliheen.”

After Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) replied to ‘Utbah bin Rabee‘ah, he recited the following verses of the Qur’aan Majeed before him:

حٰمٓ ۚ﴿۱﴾ تَنۡزِیۡلٌ مِّنَ الرَّحۡمٰنِ الرَّحِیۡمِ ۚ﴿۲﴾ کِتٰبٌ فُصِّلَتۡ اٰیٰتُہٗ قُرۡاٰنًا عَرَبِیًّا لِّقَوۡمٍ یَّعۡلَمُوۡنَ ۙ﴿۳﴾ بَشِیۡرًا وَّ نَذِیۡرًا ۚ فَاَعۡرَضَ اَکۡثَرُہُمۡ فَہُمۡ لَا یَسۡمَعُوۡنَ ﴿۴﴾ وَ قَالُوۡا قُلُوۡبُنَا فِیۡۤ اَکِنَّۃٍ مِّمَّا تَدۡعُوۡنَاۤ اِلَیۡہِ وَ فِیۡۤ اٰذَانِنَا وَقۡرٌ وَّ مِنۡۢ بَیۡنِنَا وَ بَیۡنِکَ حِجَابٌ فَاعۡمَلۡ اِنَّنَا عٰمِلُوۡنَ ؓ﴿۵﴾ قُلۡ اِنَّمَاۤ اَنَا بَشَرٌ مِّثۡلُکُمۡ یُوۡحٰۤی اِلَیَّ اَنَّمَاۤ اِلٰـہُکُمۡ اِلٰہٌ وَّاحِدٌ فَاسۡتَقِیۡمُوۡۤا اِلَیۡہِ وَ اسۡتَغۡفِرُوۡہُ ؕ وَ وَیۡلٌ لِّلۡمُشۡرِکِیۡنَ ۙ﴿۶﴾ الَّذِیۡنَ لَا یُؤۡتُوۡنَ الزَّکٰوۃَ وَ ہُمۡ بِالۡاٰخِرَۃِ ہُمۡ کٰفِرُوۡنَ ﴿۷﴾ اِنَّ الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا وَ عَمِلُوا الصّٰلِحٰتِ لَہُمۡ اَجۡرٌ غَیۡرُ مَمۡنُوۡنٍ ٪﴿۸﴾ قُلۡ اَئِنَّکُمۡ لَتَکۡفُرُوۡنَ بِالَّذِیۡ خَلَقَ الۡاَرۡضَ فِیۡ یَوۡمَیۡنِ وَ تَجۡعَلُوۡنَ لَہٗۤ اَنۡدَادًا ؕ ذٰلِکَ رَبُّ الۡعٰلَمِیۡنَ ۚ﴿۹﴾ وَ جَعَلَ فِیۡہَا رَوَاسِیَ مِنۡ فَوۡقِہَا وَ بٰرَکَ فِیۡہَا وَ قَدَّرَ فِیۡہَاۤ اَقۡوَاتَہَا فِیۡۤ اَرۡبَعَۃِ اَیَّامٍ ؕ سَوَآءً لِّلسَّآئِلِیۡنَ ﴿۱۰﴾ ثُمَّ اسۡتَوٰۤی اِلَی السَّمَآءِ وَ ہِیَ دُخَانٌ فَقَالَ لَہَا وَ لِلۡاَرۡضِ ائۡتِیَا طَوۡعًا اَوۡ کَرۡہًا ؕ قَالَتَاۤ اَتَیۡنَا طَآئِعِیۡنَ ﴿۱۱﴾ فَقَضٰہُنَّ سَبۡعَ سَمٰوَاتٍ فِیۡ یَوۡمَیۡنِ وَ اَوۡحٰی فِیۡ کُلِّ سَمَآءٍ اَمۡرَہَا ؕ وَ زَیَّنَّا السَّمَآءَ الدُّنۡیَا بِمَصَابِیۡحَ ٭ۖ وَ حِفۡظًا ؕ ذٰلِکَ تَقۡدِیۡرُ الۡعَزِیۡزِ الۡعَلِیۡمِ ﴿۱۲﴾ فَاِنۡ اَعۡرَضُوۡا فَقُلۡ اَنۡذَرۡتُکُمۡ صٰعِقَۃً مِّثۡلَ صٰعِقَۃِ عَادٍ وَّ ثَمُوۡدَ ﴿ؕ۱۳﴾