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Wednesday, 13 April 2016 04:41

Hazrat Ismaa'eel ('alaihis salaam) and the Jurhum Tribe

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The birthplace of the Jurhum tribe was actually Yemen. A severe drought had struck Yemen and this had forced the Banu Jurhum to leave Yemen in search of more promising livelihood.

During the course of their travels, they coincidentally met Hazrat Ismaa‘eel (‘alaihis salaam) and his honourable mother, Hazrat Haajar (‘alaihas salaam), in the vicinity of the Zam Zam well. Banu Jurhum took a liking for this area and decided to settle down here. Hazrat Ismaa‘eel (‘alaihis salaam) also later on married a lady from the same tribe. After blessing him with the position of prophethood, Allah Ta‘ala commissioned him to the ‘Amaaliqah, Jurhum and the people of Yemen.

He passed away at the age of one hundred and thirty and was buried in the area of the Hateem, close to the grave of his honourable mother.

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa 1/34)

‘Abdul Muttalib

His name was Shaybatul Hamd and he was incredibly handsome. A poet describes his beauty thus:

على شيبة الحمد الذي كان وجهه يضيئ ظلام الليل كالقمر البدري

“Like the luminance of the fourteenth moon, Shaybatul Hamd’s face brightens the darkness of the night.”

‘Abdul Muttalib literally means “the slave of ‘Muttalib”. On the death of Haashim, ‘Abdul Muttalib’s mother lived in Madinah Munawwarah with her people, the Banu Khazraj, for some time. As he grew older, his uncle from Makkah Mukarramah, Muttalib, came to Madinah Munawwarah to fetch him.

Haashim (continued)

During the days of Haj, Haashim would feed all the hujjaaj (pilgrims) with meat, bread, saweeq and dates and would also provide them with Zam Zam water. He would make similar provisions for them at Mina, Muzdalifah and ‘Arafaat.

Umayyah bin ‘Abdu Shams was very upset over Haashim’s generosity and influence over the Arabs. Umayyah thus also attempted to feed the pilgrims just as Haashim was feeding them. However, despite his excessive wealth, he was unable to compete with Haashim. This was the initial catalyst that sparked off the hostility which the Banu Umayyah expressed for the Banu Haashim.

Haashim (continued)

Haashim was the first to initiate the custom of sending off two trade caravans a year; one to Syria in summer and another to Yemen in winter. According to this unvarying custom, a caravan would set out in every season of the year. These caravans would travel in winter across desolate swathes of land, at times at times through the desert and at times crossing the sea, until they would arrive at Yemen and even further, at Ethiopia.

Najaashi, the emperor of Ethiopia, was exceedingly hospitable towards Haashim and would present many gifts to him. In summer, the caravans would travel to Syria (including Jordan and Lebanon), Gaza and Ankara (which was then the capital of Rome). Heraclius, the Byzantine emperor, would also approach Haashim with utmost respect and would often present gifts to him.

Haashim

Imaam Maalik (rahimahullah) and Imaam Shaafi‘ee (rahimahullah) say that Haashim’s actual name was ‘Amr.

There was once a severe drought in Makkah during which Haashim fed the people bread crushed into gravy. This is why he was given the title “Haashim” (The one who crushes). As a poet says:

عمرو العلا هشم الثريد لقومه ورجال مكة مسنتون عجاف

“The exalted ‘Amr prepared Thareed (a dish of meat and gravy into which bread is crushed) for his people (and fed it to them) when the people of Makkah were left weak and thin by the drought.”

Ka‘b

In the pre-Islamic era, Ka‘b bin Luwayy would, on a weekly basis, gather all the people on the day of Friday. After all the people had assembled, he would deliver a sermon which he would commence by praising Allah Ta‘ala and explaining that Allah Ta‘ala had created the skies, the earth, the moon, the sun and all other forms of creation. He would thereafter give the people beneficial advices and would encourage them to maintain family ties.

He would also mention: “A prophet is to appear amongst my descendants. If you are alive in that era, ensure that you follow him.”

Ilyaas

His name conformed to the name of the Nabi of Allah Ta‘ala, Hazrat Ilyaas (‘alaihis salaam).

The Sunnah (tradition) of herding the Hadi (sacrificial) animals towards Baytullah (in Makkah) was commenced by Ilyaas bin Mudhar. It has been reported that Ilyaas bin Mudhar would often hear the Talbiyah of Haj being recited by Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) from his own spine.

It has also been narrated that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Do not speak ill of Ilyaas as he was a Muslim.”

Mudrikah

Most Ulama are of the opinion that Mudrikah’s name was ‘Amr. The name “Mudrikah” is derived from the word “Idraak” which means “achievement”. He was awarded the title of Mudrikah (the achiever) as he had excelled and attained success in virtually every department of his life.

‘Adnaan

He was from the progeny of Qaydar bin Ismaa‘eel.

Ma‘ad

Ma‘ad was an extraordinarily strong and gallant warrior. He spent his entire life fighting against the Banu Israa’eel and was triumphant in all his battles. His appellation was Abu Nazar. (“Appellation” refers to a name by which the father is called in attribution to his eldest child e.g. Abu Muhammed – Father of Muhammed)

Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnaan was a twelve year old lad during the reign of the famous king, Bukhtenasr. Allah Ta’ala informed the Nabi of that era, Hazrat Armiyaa’ bin Halqiyaa (‘alaihis salaam), through divine revelation, to convey the following message to Bukhtenasr: “We (i.e. Allah Ta‘ala) pledge to grant you (i.e. Bukhtenasr) dominance over the Arabs. And you, O Prophet! Take this young boy, Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnaan, away with you on your horse (Buraaq) so that he does not suffer any harm. I will extract from the spine of Ma‘ad a noble prophet (Hazrat Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)) with whom I will seal the succession of prophets (i.e. he will be the seal of all prophets) Accordingly, Hazrat Armiyaa’ (‘alaihis salaam) mounted his Buraaq, seated the young Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnaan with him, and left him in Syria. Here, in Syria, he grew up and lived with the Banu Israa’eel. This is one of the reasons for the lineage of Ma‘ad bin ‘Adnaan being so well known amongst the ‘Ulamaa of the Ahl-e-Kitaab (Jews and Christians).

Saturday, 28 November 2015 05:17

Untainted Family Lineage

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Allah Ta’ala has mentioned in the Qur’aan Kareem:

لَقَدۡ جَآءَکُمۡ رَسُوۡلٌ مِّنۡ اَنۡفَسِکُمۡ

“Verily a messenger has come to you from the best amongst yourselves….” 

Hazrat Anas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) recited the above verse with a Fat-hah on the فاء of the word أنفسكم. In other words, verily a prophet of Allah has come to you from amongst the most superior, noble and virtuous of you (your tribes). After reciting this verse, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “I am the most noble and superior of you in family lineage. From the time of Aadam (‘alaihis salaam) right up to me, there was no adultery. All of our ancestors were born in wedlock.”

Tuesday, 29 September 2015 04:27

Shamaail - Hadith 6

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حدثني إبراهيم بن محمد من ولد علي بن أبي طالب قال : كان علي رضي الله عنه إذا وصف رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال : لم يكن رسول الله بالطويل الممغط ، ولا بالقصير المتردد ، وكان ربعة من القوم ، لم يكن بالجعد القطط ، ولا بالسبط ، كان جعدا رجلا ، ولم يكن بالمطهم ولا بالمكلثم ، وكان في وجهه تدوير أبيض مشرب ، أدعج العينين ، أهدب الأشفار ، جليل المشاش والكتد ، أجرد ذو مسربة ، شثن الكفين والقدمين ، إذا مشى تقلع كأنما ينحط في صبب ، وإذا التفت التفت معا ، بين كتفيه خاتم النبوة ، وهو خاتم النبيين ، أجود الناس صدرا ، وأصدق الناس لهجة ، وألينهم عريكة ، وأكرمهم عشرة ، من رآه بديهة هابه ، ومن خالطه معرفة أحبه ، يقول ناعته : لم أر قبله ولا بعده مثله صلى الله عليه وسلم.

It is related from Ebrahim bin Muhammad (Radiyallahu Anhu), who is from the grandsons of Hadhrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu), that whenever Hadhrat Ali (Radiyallahu Anhu) described the noble features of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), he used to say, “Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was neither very tall nor very short, rather he was a person of medium height among the people. His hair was neither completely curly nor completely straight, but it was slightly curly and wavy. (As far as the built of his body was concerned), he was not fat in size, nor was his face completely round, rather his mubaarak face was slightly round (i.e. he did not have a fully round face nor a fully elongated face, but in between the two). The complexion of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) was white with a tinge of redness in it. The (pupil of the) mubaarak eyes of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alahi Wasallam) was pitch black. His eye lashes were long. The joints of the body (e.g. elbows, knees etc.) were large. Likewise, the portion between the two shoulders was broad and fully fleshed (i.e. well developed and well-built). There was no hair on his mubaarak body (i.e. Apart from the normal hair that men have on certain parts of the body). (Some people have excessive amount of hair on their body, however Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) did not have hair on his body besides those parts of the body which men normally have hair like the arms and legs etc.). He had a thin line of hair running from the chest to the navel. The hands and feet of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) were fully fleshed (i.e. well developed). When he walked, he lifted his feet with vigour, as though it (his appearance of humility while walking) seemed as if he was descending a slope. When he addressed any person he used to turn his entire body towards that person. (He did not suffice on only turning his face towards the person he addressed as this manner of address is one of disregard and indifference towards the one being addressed, and at times it can be considered as an attitude of pride. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) used to turn his full attention towards the person he addressed while turning his chest and body towards him. Some Ulama have translated this portion of the Hadith in the following manner that when Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) addressed anyone, he used to turn his face completely towards that person, and did not give a side glance. However, this is not a suitable translation as the words imply that he did not only turn his face towards the one he addressed, rather he turned his face as well as his body towards him). The seal of prophethood was situated between his mubaarak shoulders. He was the last of all Ambiyaa. He was the most generous at heart and the most truthful. He was the most compassionate and kind-hearted and came from a most noble family. (In essence he was the most honoured and greatest of every human being in his heart, tongue, character, temperament, nature and family lineage and everything associated with his mubaarak personality and ways was of the most noble and of the best). Any person who had seen him suddenly was overcome with fear (i.e. Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had such a great, dignified and awesome personality, that any person who had seen him and come into contact with him for the first time, would become overcome with fear on account of his awe-inspiring personality. Firstly, the physical form of beauty and splendour found within a person has a natural awe, added to this when other attributes of perfection are joined to it, then one can well imagine the additional beauty and awe that will be created within the person. Besides this, among the special attributes and qualities granted to Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) from the side of Allah Ta’ala, was the quality of awe). Anyone who came in close contact with him, and knew his excellent character and excellent attributes loved him dearly. Anyone who described his noble features could only say, ‘I have not seen anyone in his external beauty and perfect qualities like Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), neither before him nor after him’ (i.e. due to being unable to do justice in describing the beauty and excellence of Sayyidina Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) the one who described him sufficed on saying I have not seen anyone like him).”

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