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What is Islam - eBook

  

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Wednesday, 22 November 2023 03:48

Zakaat

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Zakaat is one of the five main pillars of Islam. [1] Zakaat became fardh (compulsory) in the second year after hijrah, prior to the fast of Ramadhaan becoming fardh. [2]

There are many verses of the Quraan Majeed as well as Ahaadith of Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) which explain the great rewards that are promised for discharging zakaat.

Hazrat Hasan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Protect your wealth by discharging zakaat, treat your sick by giving sadaqah and combat the waves of calamities by resorting to dua and humility.” [3]

Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “The one who discharges his zakaat, his wealth is cleansed from impurity.” [4]

Sunday, 12 November 2023 09:30

Beliefs Regarding the Day of Qiyaamah

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1. The Day of Qiyaamah will take place on a Friday. This will be the last day of this world. Allah Ta‘ala will destroy this entire universe. Besides Allah Ta‘ala, nobody knows the exact date when the universe will come to an end. [1]

2. Allah Ta‘ala will instruct Hazrat Israafeel (‘alaihis salaam) to blow the soor (trumpet) which is shaped like a horn. The sound of the trumpet will initially be soft, but it will continue increasing in volume, until the sound will be so loud and frightening that it will cause every living person or creature to die. [2]

Thursday, 09 November 2023 10:41

The Date of Hijrah and the Inception of the Islamic Calendar

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Date of Hijrah

The day when Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) arrived in Quba, after making the journey of hijrah, was a Monday, and the date was the 12th of Rabee-ul-Awwal in the 13th year after prophethood.

According to the Ulama of seerah, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) departed from Makkah Mukarramah on Thursday 27th of Safar. After remaining in the cave of Thowr for three days, he left for Madinah Munawwarah on Monday 1st Rabee-ul-Awwal. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) travelled along the coastal route, arriving in Quba during the afternoon on Monday 8th Rabee-ul-Awwal.

Wednesday, 01 November 2023 05:33

Beliefs regarding Taqdeer (Predestination)

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1. Taqdeer refers to the absolute and complete knowledge of Allah Ta‘ala. In other words, Allah Ta‘ala has complete knowledge of everything and every occurrence, whether good or bad, or whether the past, present or future, before its occurrence. [1]

2. Allah Ta‘ala has given human beings the ability to do good deeds or bad deeds. For the good deeds they carry out, they will be rewarded, and for the bad deeds they carry out, they will be punished, unless Allah Ta‘ala forgives them. [2]

3. All conditions, whether favourable or unfavourable, are from Allah Ta‘ala alone. Therefore, a believer should neither be boastful over any favour he enjoys nor should he complain and be displeased over any misfortune that he suffers. He should be grateful for the favours Allah Ta‘ala bestows him with and be patient at the time of difficulty or misfortune. [3]

Thursday, 26 October 2023 05:46

Beliefs Regarding the Divine Scriptures – Part Three

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5. The Quraan Majeed is the final divine book and was revealed to Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Through the Quraan Majeed being revealed, all other divine books have been abrogated. [1]

6. Allah Ta‘ala has taken the divine onus and responsibility to protect and preserve the Quraan Majeed until the Day of Qiyaamah. Hence, no changes or distortions can be made in the Quraan Majeed. As far as the other divine books are concerned, then Allah Ta‘ala had entrusted their protection to the people. Hence, interpolations and distortions entered their books. [2]

7. The Quraan Majeed was revealed over a period of 23 years. Various aayaat (verses) from different parts of the Quraan Majeed were revealed at different times. Allah Ta‘ala instructed Hazrat Jibra’eel (‘alaihis salaam) to show Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) which aayaat belong to which surah and what sequence they should be placed in. [3]

Sunday, 15 October 2023 05:13

Beliefs Regarding the Divine Scriptures – Part Two

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3. Among the famous divine books that were revealed by Allah Ta‘ala are the following four books; the Tauraah which was revealed to Nabi Moosa (‘alaihis salaam), the Injeel which was revealed to Nabi Isa (‘alaihis salaam), the Zaboor which was revealed to Nabi Dawood (‘alaihis salaam), and the Quraan Majeed which was revealed to Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). [1]

4. Nabi Ebrahim (‘alaihis salaam) received his scriptures on the first of the month of Ramadhaan. Nabi Moosa (‘alaihis salaam) received the Tauraah on the sixth of Ramadhaan. Nabi Isa (‘alaihis salaam) received the Injeel on the thirteenth of Ramadhaan. Nabi Dawood (‘alaihis salaam) received the Zaboor on the twelfth or eighteenth of Ramadhaan. The Quraan Majeed was sent down from the Lowh-e-Mahfooz to the first heaven on the twenty-fourth of Ramadhaan. Thereafter, the entire Quraan Majeed was revealed upon Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) over a period of 23 years. [2]

Tuesday, 10 October 2023 17:13

Beliefs Regarding the Divine Scriptures – Part One

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1. Allah Ta‘ala revealed many divine books and scriptures to the various Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) for the guidance of their people. We have been informed of some of these divine books and scriptures in the Quraan Majeed and Mubaarak Ahaadith, while we have not been informed of others. [1]

2. We bring Imaan in all the divine books and scriptures that were revealed upon all the Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) by Allah Ta‘ala in their original form in which they were revealed. We do not believe in the altered and fabricated versions that are changed by people and are wrongly attributed to Allah Ta‘ala. [2]

Wednesday, 04 October 2023 14:05

Beliefs Regarding the Angels – Part Four

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12. From the Quraan Majeed and Mubaarak Ahaadith, we come to know that Allah Ta‘ala has assigned various tasks and duties to different angels. [1]

13. Some angels are in charge of Jannah and some of Jahannum. Some angels are tasked with the duty of protecting children, the old, the weak and others whom Allah Ta‘ala wishes to protect. [2]

14. The angels remain in the company of the Muslims. They make dua for them and protect them from harm. Speaking lies, committing sins and evils, keeping dogs or pictures of animate objects in the home causes the angels to leave the home. Hence, a believer should not commit these types of sins so that he does not chase the angels away and become deprived of their company and blessings. [3]

 


[1] ثم الملائكة عليهم السلام بالنسبة إلى ما هيأهم الله له أقسام (البداية والنهاية ١/٤٩)

[2] يَٰٓأَيُّهَا ٱلَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوا قُوْا أَنفُسَكُمْ وَأَهْلِيْكُمْ نَارًا وَقُوْدُهَا ٱلنَّاسُ وَٱلْحِجَارَةُ عَلَيْهَا مَلَٰٓئِكَةٌ غِلَاظٌ شِدَادٌ لَّا يَعْصُوْنَ ٱللهَ مَآ أَمَرَهُمْ وَيَفْعَلُوْنَ مَا يُؤْمَرُوْنَ (سورة التحريم: 6)

لَهُ مُعَقِّبٰتٌ مِّنۢ بَيْنِ يَدَيْهِ وَمِنْ خَلْفِهِۦ يَحْفَظُوْنَهُ مِنْ أَمْرِ ٱللهِ (سورة الرعد: ١١)

عن أنس بن مالك قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم آتي باب الجنة يوم القيامة فأستفتح فيقول الخازن من أنت فأقول محمد فيقول بك أمرت لا أفتح لأحد قبلك (صحيح مسلم، الرقم: 197)

[3] هُوَ ٱلَّذِىْ يُصَلِّىْ عَلَيْكُمْ وَمَلَٰٓئِكَتُهُ (سورة الأحزاب: 43)

ٱلَّذِيْنَ يَحْمِلُوْنَ ٱلْعَرْشَ وَمَنْ حَوْلَهُ يُسَبِّحُوْنَ بِحَمْدِ رَبِّهِمْ وَيُؤْمِنُوْنَ بِهِ وَيَسْتَغْفِرُوْنَ لِلَّذِيْنَ اٰمَنُوْا رَبَّنَا وَسِعْتَ كُلَّ شَىْءٍ رَّحْمَةً وَعِلْمًا فَٱغْفِرْ لِلَّذِيْنَ تَابُوْا وَٱتَّبَعُوْا سَبِيْلَكَ وَقِهِمْ عَذَابَ ٱلْجَحِيْمِ ‎﴿٧﴾‏ رَبَّنَا وَأَدْخِلْهُمْ جَنَّٰتِ عَدْنٍ ٱلَّتِىْ وَعَدتَّهُمْ وَمَنْ صَلَحَ مِنْ اٰبَآئِهِمْ وَأَزْوَاجِهِمْ وَذُرِّيّٰتِهِمْ ۚ إِنَّكَ أَنْتَ ٱلْعَزِيْزُ ٱلْحَكِيْمُ ‎﴿٨﴾‏ وَقِهِمُ ٱلسَّيِّـَٔاتِ ۚ وَمَن تَقِ ٱلسَّيِّـَٔاتِ يَوْمَئِذٍ فَقَدْ رَحِمْتَهُۥ ۚ وَذٰلِكَ هُوَ ٱلْفَوْزُ ٱلْعَظِيْمُ (سورة المؤمن: 7-9)

وأما الصلاة من الملائكة فبمعنى الدعاء للناس والاستغفار (تفسير ابن كثير ٦/٤٣٦)

عن أبي طلحة رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال لا تدخل الملائكة بيتا فيه كلب ولا صورة (صحيح البخاري، الرقم: ٣٣٢٢(

عن ابن عمر أن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال إذا كذب العبد تباعد عنه الملك ميلا من نتن ما جاء به (سنن الترمذي، الرقم: 1972، وقال: هذا حديث حسن غريب لا نعرفه إلا من هذا الوجه تفرد به عبد الرحيم بن هارون)

Saturday, 30 September 2023 10:36

The Foundation of Musjid-ut-Taqwa (Musjid-e-Quba)

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After arriving in Quba, the very first task which Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) undertook was the laying of the foundation of a musjid. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) carried a stone with his own blessed hands and placed it in the direction of the Qiblah.

After Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) placed the first stone, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and then Hazrat Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) also placed a stone each in the same direction. Thereafter, the other Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) began to bring and place stones. In this manner, the construction of the musjid commenced.

Wednesday, 27 September 2023 05:07

Beliefs Regarding the Angels – Part Three

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9. There are two angels that are always with every person. One angel records all his good deeds while the other records all his evil deeds. These angels are known as Kiraaman Kaatibeen. [1] 

10. The angels who question a person in the grave are called Munkar and Nakeer. The questions they will ask are as follows: (a) Who is your Rabb? (b) What do you say regarding Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)? (c) What is your religion? [2]

11. Every Muslim is accompanied by an angel and a shaitaan (devil). The angel encourages him towards good and the shaitaan urges him towards evil. [3]