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What is Islam - eBook


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After meeting Hazrat Suraaqah bin Maalik (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and his companions continued on the journey of hijrah. As they proceeded ahead, Buraidah Aslami, was also searching for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) with seventy other riders, just as Hazrat Suraaqah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had been searching for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Buraidah Aslami also desired to acquire the reward of one hundred camels offered by the Quraish for capturing or killing Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

1. Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) is the last prophet and the seal of prophethood. After him, no new prophet will be sent to the world to guide any nation. If anyone believes that there is a new messenger to come after Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), he will become a kaafir and leave the fold of Islam. [1]

2. The Deen of Islam, which Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) brought, abrogated all the previous divine religions. Hence, it is only the Deen of Islam that will be accepted by Allah Ta‘ala. [2]

7. Nothing can transpire or occur in the creation without the permission of Allah Ta‘ala. Without His permission, not even an atom can move. [1]

8. Nothing is incumbent and compulsory upon Allah Ta‘ala. The mercy He shows to the creation is solely out of His grace, compassion and kindness. [2]

9. Allah Ta‘ala has not given us any command which we are unable to fulfil. [3]

10. Whatever good or evil takes place in the creation, Allah Ta‘ala had full knowledge of it from eternity. This is what is meant by taqdeer (pre-destination). [4]

4. Allah Ta‘ala is the possessor of absolute honour and greatness. Allah Ta‘ala has complete power over everything, and nothing can influence His power and decision. He bestows honour to whomsoever He wishes, and causes disgrace to whomsoever He wishes. Allah Ta‘ala does whatever He wishes and is not answerable to any of the creation. [1]

5. Allah Ta‘ala is the sole sustainer and provider of every creation. He decreases the sustenance of whomsoever He wishes, and increases the sustenance of whomsoever He wishes. [2]

6. Every decision of Allah Ta‘ala contains wisdom, even though man may not be able to understand and comprehend the wisdom behind the decision of Allah Ta‘ala. Hence, man should be pleased with the decision of Allah Ta‘ala at all times. [3]

When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) departed from Makkah Mukarramah on the occasion of the hijrah, the Quraish publicly announced that if any person kills or captures Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) or Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), then for each of the two, he will receive the reward of one hundred camels.

Suraaqah bin Maalik narrates:

“I was sitting in my usual place when a man came up to me and said, “I saw a few people departing along the coastal route. I feel that these people are Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and his companions.”

Suraaqah continues:

“I knew, in my heart, that these people were definitely Muhammed and his companions. However, since I feared that this person, or some other person who heard this information, may acquire the reward from the Quraish, I delayed him by saying the following, “The people you saw were not Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and his companions – they were some other people,”

1. Allah Ta‘ala is most merciful to His servants. He is extremely loving, tolerant and forebearing. He is the One who forgives sins and accepts repentance. [1]

2. Allah Ta‘ala is completely just. He does not oppress any creation to the extent of even an atom. [2]

3. Allah Ta‘ala has given man an understanding and the ability to choose between good and evil. Allah Ta‘ala becomes pleased with those believers who carry out good deeds for His pleasure, and becomes displeased with those who commit sins. [3]

9. Allah Ta‘ala is free of all blemishes, weaknesses, limitations and defects. He is absolutely perfect in all His qualities. Allah Ta‘ala is free from the qualities of the creation. [1]

10. All the qualities of Allah Ta‘ala are with Him from eternity and will remain with Him for eternity. [2]

11. Whenever the Quraan Majeed or Hadith mentions any quality of Allah Ta‘ala which the creation possesses e.g. Allah Ta‘ala hearing, seeing, becoming pleased, or Allah Ta‘ala creating Hazrat Aadam (‘alaihis salaam) with His hand, etc. then all these qualities will be understood in accordance with the majesty of Allah Ta‘ala, and will not be resembled to the qualities of the creation in any way. [3]

12. Allah Ta‘ala does not sleep nor does drowsiness overtake Him. Allah Ta‘ala does not eat, drink or require any form of sustenance, as is the condition of the creation. He never becomes tired of maintaining and sustaining the entire universe. [4]

13. Allah Ta‘ala is recognized through His signs in His creation. No person can see Allah Ta‘ala in this world nor comprehend the full might, power and knowledge of Allah Ta‘ala. [5]

On leaving the cave of Thowr, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) set out on the road to Madinah Munawwarah. En route to Madinah Munawwarah, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) passed the tent of Ummu Ma’bad.

Ummu Ma’bad was a remarkably noble and incredibly hospitable woman. She would often sit at the entrance of her tent.

Those accompanying Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) on the journey approached her to purchase some dates and meat, but she had nothing to offer them. The blessed gaze of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) fell on the tent, and he noticed a young goat in the corner of the tent. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) enquired, “How is this goat?” Ummu Ma’bad replied, “This goat is frail and weak. This is why it is unable to graze with the rest of the flock out in the fields.”

5. Allah Ta‘ala is alive. He has existed since eternity and will remain for eternity. Allah Ta‘ala does not have any beginning or end. [1]

6. There is nothing that resembles Allah Ta‘ala in His being and attributes. He is completely unique in his zaat (being) and sifaat (attributes), and there is nothing that can equal or be compared to Allah Ta‘ala. Hence, Allah Ta‘ala does not have a colour, shape or a form, as is the condition of the creation. [2]

7. Allah Ta‘ala is not restricted to space or time. Rather, He is the Creator of space and time. [3]

8. Allah Ta‘ala is all-powerful and has knowledge of everything. There is nothing that is hidden from His knowledge. [4]

1. Allah Ta‘ala is the only being who is worthy of worship. [1]

2. Before the creation of the entire universe, everything was non-existent, besides Allah Ta‘ala. Allah Ta‘ala then created everything from a state of non-existence. Besides Allah Ta‘ala, no one else has the power to create any creation or give life and death. [2]

3. Allah Ta‘ala does not have any partner, wife or family. He has not begotten anyone (i.e. no child was born to Him), nor was He begotten (i.e. He was not born to any father). [3]

4. Allah Ta‘ala is not dependent on any of the creation, and the entire creation, at every moment, is entirely dependent on Him alone for their existence, continuity and all their needs. [4]