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What is Islam - eBook

  

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Monday, 01 May 2023 14:50

Aqaa'id

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The Deen of Islam, with all its pillars, rests on the foundation of faith and correct beliefs. If the beliefs of a person are incorrect, but will not cause him to come out from the fold of Islam, then even though he may strive to carry out pious and righteous deeds, he will not receive the promised rewards, as his beliefs, which are the basis of his deeds, are incorrect.

If the beliefs of a person are such that they contradict the fundamental beliefs of Islam (the fundamental beliefs which are required for one to be a Muslim), then even though he outwardly appears to be a believer and carries out the rituals of Islam with the Muslims, since he does not subscribe to the fundamental beliefs of Islam, he will not receive any reward for his good deeds on account of him not being a believer.

On the night when the Quraish intended to assassinate Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) left his home and went straight to the home of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) took Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) as his companion, and the two of them went into hiding in the cave of Thowr.

In the meantime, the disbelievers surrounded his home, but when they discovered that he was not there, they began to search for him. They sent search parties in every direction to search for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). While searching, some disbelievers eventually came to the mouth of the cave, but Allah Ta‘ala used the web of a spider to give them such protection that even a hundred coats of armour could not provide.

Tuesday, 14 March 2023 05:34

Departure from the Cave of Thowr

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Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) remained hidden in the cave for three days. Hazrat Abdullah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), the son of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), would spend the day in Makkah Mukarramah, gathering information about the disbelievers. In the evenings, he would come to the cave and give Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) a detailed report of the happenings in Makkah. He would thereafter depart for Makkah in the early morning.

After Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) entered the Cave of Thowr, Allah Ta‘ala caused a spider to spin a web across the entrance of the cave.

The Quraish surrounded the home of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) the entire night. The following morning, when they saw Hazrat Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) awaken from the bed of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), they were surprised and enquired from him regarding the whereabouts of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Hazrat Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “I do not know where he is.”

Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) both left home during the night and set out for the cave of Thowr.

As Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) proceeded towards the cave, then Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), who was decreed to be his companion in the cave, and who was his devoted disciple, his dedicated companion, his sincere devotee, and his incomparable friend, was overcome with a strange sense of restlessness. Hence, at times, he would walk behind Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), and sometimes in front of him. At times, he would walk on his right, and sometimes to his left.

Tuesday, 14 March 2023 05:28

Departure from Makkah Mukarramah

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On the occasion of the hijrah, when Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was departing from Makkah Mukarramah, he ascended a small hill, looked towards Makkah Mukarramah and said:

وَاللّٰه إِنَّكِ لَخَيْرُ أَرْضِ اللّٰهِ وَأَحَبُّ أَرْضٍ إِلَى اللّٰهِ وَلَوْلَا أَنِّيْ أُخْرِجْتُ مِنْكِ مَا خَرَجْتُ

“By Allah! (O Makkah Mukarramah!) You are the best of Allah’s lands, and You are the most beloved of lands to Allah! If I was not expelled from you, I would never have left you!”

The chieftains of the Quraish had taken the decision, after holding a meeting in Daar-un-Nadwah, that they would assassinate Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) that very night.

When night arrived, and darkness spread across the land, then as decided, the Quraish surrounded Rasulullah’s (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) house, planning to attack him when he exits his home. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) instructed Hazrat Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) saying, “Wear my green shawl and lie down on my bed. Do not fear, as no harm will come to you.”

Hazrat Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) asked Hazrat Jibreel (‘alaihis salaam), “Who will accompany me on the journey of hijrah?” Hazrat Jibreel (‘alaihis salaam) replied, “Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) will accompany you.” 

Tuesday, 07 March 2023 05:27

Sadaqatul Fitr

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Sadaqatul fitr is compulsory upon all those who possess wealth that equals the nisaab. Hazrat Abdullah bin Amr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) sent a person to announce in the streets of Makkah Mukarramah, “Know well that sadaqatul fitr is compulsory upon every Muslim, male or female, free or slave, child or adult, as two mudd of wheat (i.e. half a saa’) or one saa’ from other types of food (e.g. wheat, wheat-flour, dates, etc).” (Sunan Tirmizi #674)

Tuesday, 07 March 2023 05:08

Eid

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The occasions of Eidul Adha and Eidul Fitr are the days of celebration for the Muslims. On the occasion, of Eidul Fitr, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Indeed the people of every religion (e.g. Jews, Christians, etc.) have their Eid (i.e. special days of celebration), and this day (i.e. Eidul Fitr and Eidul Adha) is our Eid.” [1]