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What is Islam - eBook

  

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Monday, 18 September 2023 16:41

Beliefs Regarding the Angels – Part Two

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4. The four famous angels which are tasked with great duties are: Hazrat Jibra’eel (‘alaihis salaam), Hazrat Mikaa’eel (‘alaihis salaam), Hazrat Izraa’eel (‘alaihis salaam) and Hazrat Israafeel (‘alaihis salaam). [1]

5. Hazrat Jibra’eel (‘alaihis salaam) brought Allah Ta‘ala’s divine books, orders and messages to all the Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam). At times, he was also sent to help the Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) and fight against their enemies. [2]

6. Hazrat Mikaa’eel (‘alaihis salaam) is in charge of food and rain. Other angels work under him and are in charge of controlling the clouds, the seas, the rivers and the winds. He receives orders from Allah Ta‘ala, and thereafter conveys the orders to other angels who are under his command.See 1

7. Hazrat Izraa’eel (‘alaihis salaam) is commanded by Allah Ta‘ala to extract the souls of living creatures. Numerous angels work under him. Some take away the lives of good people, in a good way, while others take away the lives of sinners and disbelievers in a terrifying way. [3]

8. Hazrat Israafeel (‘alaihis salaam) will be commanded by Allah Ta‘ala to blow the soor (trumpet) on the Day of Qiyaamah. The sound of the trumpet will cause every living creature to die and will cause everything on earth and in the skies to be destroyed. After fourty years, he will blow the trumpet for the second time, and everything will return to life with the order of Allah Ta‘ala. [4]

Tuesday, 12 September 2023 17:09

Beliefs Regarding the Angels – Part One

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1. Angels are a sinless creation of Allah Ta‘ala and are created from light. The angels are invisible to us, and they are neither male nor female. They are free from all human needs such as eating, drinking, sleeping, etc. [1]

2. Allah Ta‘ala has given them various duties to perform. They fulfil whatever Allah Ta‘ala has commanded them to fulfil, and do not disobey Allah Ta‘ala. [2]

3. We do not know the exact number of all the angels, but we believe in the existence of angels and their fulfilling the function that Allah Ta‘ala has created them for. [3]

9. Some of the well-known Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) whose names are recorded in the Quraan Majeed and Mubaarak Ahaadith are: Nabi Nooh (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Ebrahim (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Ishaaq (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Ismail (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Ya’qoob (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Yusuf (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Dawood (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Sulaimaan (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Ayyoob (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Moosa (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Haaroon (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Zakariyya (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Yahya (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Isa (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Ilyaas (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Al-Yasa’ (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Yunus (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Loot (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Idrees (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Zul Kifl (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Saalih (‘alaihis salaam), Nabi Hood (‘alaihis salaam), and Nabi Shu’aib (‘alaihis salaam). [1]

10. Before Qiyaamah, Nabi Isa (‘alaihis salaam) will be sent to kill Dajjaal. The nubuwwah (prophethood) of Nabi Isa (‘alaihis salaam) will not be cancelled. He will be sent to assist the Ummah of Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and he will follow the Shari’ah of Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). At that time, while he will be in the world, he will receive wahi (revelation) through which he will assist the Ummah against the forces of baatil (falsehood). [2]

7. As a sign of the Nabi’s prophethood, Allah Ta‘ala allows the Nabi to carry out certain mu’jizaat (miracles). However, it should be understood that the Nabi is a human being, and he is unable to perform miracles of his own accord. It is only through the divine permission and with the divine help of Allah Ta‘ala that miracles are performed at the hands of the Nabi. [1]

8. The first Prophet is Nabi Aadam (‘alaihis salaam), and the final Prophet is Hazrat Muhammad (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). All the other Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) came between these two Prophets. [2]

4. The Prophets are the most obedient of all Allah Ta‘ala’s servants. They will never disobey Allah Ta‘ala at any time. [1]

5. All the Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) are divinely protected by Allah Ta‘ala from committing sins. Hence, all the Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) are completely sinless. [See 1]

6. The total number of the Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) is known to Allah Ta‘ala alone. We bring Imaan in all the Prophets of Allah Ta‘ala, whatever their number may be. [2]

Saturday, 05 August 2023 16:36

Arrival in Quba

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The delightful news of Rasulullah’s (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) departure and his imminent arrival in Madinah Munawwarah had already reached the inhabitants of Madinah. Out of the eagerness and yearning to see Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), every single individual of Madinah Munawwarah would come and await his arrival at a place called Harrah (on the outskirts of Madinah). They would remain waiting until midday, after which they would return to their homes. This was their daily routine.

1. Allah Ta‘ala sent many Ambiyaa (Prophets - ‘alaihimus salaam) to the world to guide mankind to the straight path. [1]

2. Prophethood is bestowed by the divine selection of Allah Ta‘ala. Allah Ta‘ala selects from His servants whomsoever He wishes for this great mission. Prophethood cannot be earned by any person through his own actions and effort. [2]

3. A Prophet who was given a separate book and Shari’ah is called a Rasul. A Prophet who was not given a separate book and Shari’ah, but was commanded to follow the book and Shari’ah of a previous Rasul, is called a Nabi. [3]

6. The greatest blessing which Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) received from Allah Ta‘ala was the blessing of Mi’raaj. Mi’raaj refers to the miraculous journey in which Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was taken from Makkah Mukarramah to Baytul Maqdis.

Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was taken on this journey with his physical body in a wakeful state. After reaching Baytul Maqdis, Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was commanded to lead all the Ambiyaa and Rasuls (‘alaihimus salaam) in salaah which signified that he was the leader of all the prophets of Allah Ta‘ala.

From there, Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was taken to the seven heavens and beyond, until he was blessed with the vision of Jannah and Jahannum and the honour of seeing Allah Ta‘ala and speaking to Him.

It was during this journey that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) received the gift of the five daily salaah. [1]

5. Allah Ta‘ala blessed Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) with many special favours which other Ambiyaa and Rasuls (‘alaihimus salaam) were not granted. Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said:

“I was blessed with six favours that were not given to the other Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam); I was blessed with jawaami’ul kalim (comprehensive speech i.e. the Quraan Majeed and Mubaarak Ahaadith through which great meanings are contained in few words), I was divinely assisted with unusual awe entering the hearts of the kuffaar for me, even though I am a distance of a month’s journey away, the spoils of war were made permissible for me, the entire earth was made a place of performing salaah for me and the entire earth was made a source of purification (i.e. tayammum in the absence of water) for me, I was deputed as a messenger to the entire creation (man and jinn), and I was made the seal of all the prophets.” [1]


[1] سنن الترمذي، الرقم: 1553، صحيح البخاري، الرقم: 335

3. The previous Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) were sent for the guidance of certain nations at certain times. As far as Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) is concerned, he was divinely sent to all of mankind and all jinn until the Day of Qiyaamah. Hence, he is the prophet for all people and all times until the Day of Qiyaamah, and his Deen will never be abrogated. [1]

4. Allah Ta‘ala had blessed some Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) with higher ranks compared to others. From all the Rasuls and Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) that came into the world, Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was the greatest in rank and the most beloved to Allah Ta‘ala. Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was divinely blessed by Allah Ta‘ala with the rank of being the leader of all the Rasuls and Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam). [2]