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Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) (23)

Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) passed away on the night of Eid-ul-Fitr in the year 256 AH. That year, Eid-ul-Fitr fell on a Saturday, and hence Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) passed away the previous night. He was buried on the day of eid, after the zuhr salaah, and he was sixty-two years old at the time of his demise.

Abu Zaid Al-Marwazi (rahimahullah) was a great Shaafi’ee faqeeh and Muhaddith. He was the ustaad of many eminent Muhadditheen, the likes of Imaam Daaraqutni (rahimahullah).

It is reported that initially, he had not studied the Saheeh of Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah). However, he thereafter studied Saheeh Bukhaari under Imaam Farabri (rahimahullah), the student of Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah), until he became one of the main narrators of the Saheeh Bukhaari from Imaam Farabri (rahimahullah).

Musabbih bin Sa’eed (rahimahullah) reports the following:

On the first night of Ramadhaan, Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) would lead the people in Taraweeh Salaah. Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) would recite approximately twenty verses in each rakaat, and would continue each night until he eventually completed reciting the Qur’aan Majeed.

Muhammed bin Abi Haatim (rahimahullah) reports that when Imaam Bukhaari’s (rahimahullah) father passed away, Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) inherited a large amount of wealth from him. Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) would invest this wealth in mudhaarabah partnerships (a partnership where one partner puts up the capital and the other does the work of engaging in trade), and it was through this that he would earn an income. (Hadyus Saari pg. 479)

Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) would spend the money that he earned upon himself and use the money in the pursuit of acquiring the knowledge of Hadith. He would also spend generously on the students of deen and would give abundantly in charity.

Allah Ta‘ala had chosen Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) for the service of Hadith. Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah), throughout his life, regarded his engagement in the service of Hadith to be a great bounty and favor of Allah Ta‘ala upon him. Hence, he dedicated all his time, energy and resources to learning, teaching, practicing and propagating the knowledge of the Mubaarak Hadith of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). He ensured that at no time would he allow anything to distract him from his main goal and purpose.

On one occasion, Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) came out from the town of Firabr intending to go to an area near Bukhaara. Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) wished to build an inn for the travellers and the poor in that area. On learning of the intention of Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah), a large group of people gathered and decided to assist him in building the inn.

During the construction, Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) would carry bricks with his own hands and personally assist with the building. Observing this, his close student, Muhammed bin Abi Haatim (rahimahullah), said to him, “O Abu Abdillah (this was the filial title of Imaam Bukhaari [rahimahullah])! We are here to serve you. Hence, there is no need for you to undergo difficulty by assisting in the construction.” However, Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) replied, “It is this work that will benefit us and assist us in the Hereafter (and hence we wish to personally take part in it).”

During his life, Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) had traveled through various parts of the world to acquire the treasure of Ahaadith from the various Muhadditheen of the time.

On one occasion, Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) was traveling to a certain land by ship. At that time, Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) had one thousand dinars with him for his travel expenses and other needs. This money was kept in a pouch, and Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) did not tell anyone about this money.

Importance Shown to the Blessed Hadith

Allah Ta‘ala crowned the kitaab of Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) with such universal acceptance that over a thousand years have passed since its compilation, yet we find that the blessings of this kitaab continue to flow in the world. This kitaab is found in every library of the world and is taught in every institute of Islamic learning. It is reported that approximately ninety-thousand students studied Saheeh Bukhaari directly from Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) during his lifetime.

Allah Ta‘ala had blessed Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) with the taufeeq (ability) to author many different kitaabs relating to Hadith and the sciences of Hadith. Among the kitaabs that he authored were Tareekh Kabeer, Tareekh Awsat and Tareekh Sagheer, as well as Al-Adab-ul-Mufrad and other Hadith compilations.

Most Authentic Compilation of Hadith

The most well-known kitaab of Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) is the kitaab famously known as Saheeh Bukhaari. Regarding the authenticity of Saheeh Bukhaari, Allamah Suyooti (rahimahullah) has mentioned that there is consensus of all the Ulama that this kitaab is the most authentic kitaab after the Qur’aan Majeed.

Muhammed bin Abi Haatim (rahimahullah) narrates the following:

When I would accompany Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) on a journey, then we would stay in the same room, unless it was the summer season (when the heat would be intense).

During the night, I would notice that Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) would get up approximately fifteen to twenty times. On getting up, Imaam Bukhaari (rahimahullah) would take the flint (a stone used for lighting fire) and use it to light the lamp. Thereafter, he would look at certain Ahaadith and make notes. After some time, he would place his head down and go back to sleep.

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