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Tuesday, 09 June 2020 06:29

The Arch Enemies of Islam

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After Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) began to openly proclaim tauheed and invite to Islam, most of the people of Makkah Mukarramah became his enemies. However, there were some people who had reached the limits in their hostility and enmity for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

Some of these people were:

Abu Jahal bin Hishaam, Abu Lahab bin ‘Abdil Muttalib, Aswad bin ‘Abd-e-Yaghooth, Haarith bin Qays, Waleed bin Mugheerah, Umayyah bin Khalaf and Ubayy bin Khalaf (the sons of Khalaf), Abu Qays bin Faakihah, ‘Aas bin Waa’il, Nadhr bin Haarith, Munabbih bin Hajjaaj, Zuhair bin Abi Umayyah, Saa’ib bin Saifi, Aswad bin ‘Abdil Asad, ‘Aas bin Sa‘eed, ‘Aas bin Haashim, ‘Uqbah bin Abi Mu‘ait, Ibnul Asdaa Hakam bin ‘Aas and ‘Adiyy bin Hamraa’.

Most of these people were the neighbours of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and men of high standing in society. They remained diligent and zealous in their hostility against Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and night and day, they made this their main mission. Abu Jahal, Abu Lahab and ‘Uqbah bin Abi Mu‘ait were at the forefront from all these enemies.

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa 1/209-210)

Yahya bin Hilaal Al-Warraaq mentions the following incidents which transpired at the time when he was in dire constraints and was unable to fulfill his needs:

I once came to Muhammed bin ‘Abdillah bin Numair and complained to him of my poverty. He thus took out four or five dirhams, gave them to me, and said, “This is half of all the wealth that I possess at present.” On another occasion, I went to Imaam Ahmed bin Hambal (rahimahullah) and complained of my poverty. Hearing of my plight, Imaam Ahmed (rahimahullah) took out four dirhams, gave them to me, and said, “This is all the wealth that I have.”

All praise is due to Allah Ta‘ala and may the choicest durood (salutations) and salaam (peace) descend upon the noblest of Ambiyaa and Rasuls, our master and leader, Hazrat Muhammed (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), as well as upon his blessed household and all his illustrious companions (radhiyallahu ‘anhum).

It is the belief of every Muslim that those who enjoy the highest rank from the creation of Allah Ta‘ala are the Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam). From the galaxy of Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam), the highest in rank and status is Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Hence, not only is Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) the final messenger of Allah Ta‘ala and the seal of prophethood, but he is also the leader of all the Ambiyaa and Rasuls (‘alaihimus salaam).

The esteemed position which Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) enjoys in the sight of Allah Ta‘ala can be gauged from the fact that Allah Ta‘ala has declared in the Holy Qur’aan that the only way to gain His love is to emulate the mubaarak sunnah of His beloved Rasul (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) in all aspects of life. (Surah Aal-e-Imraan v.31)

Thursday, 04 June 2020 05:47

Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Eight

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Request to Preach Islam in Public

In the initial stages of Islam, due to the persecution of the Quraish, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) advised the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) to practice Islam in secret. However, when the number of Muslims reached 39, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) requested Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) to preach Islam in public. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) did not initially agree to this request, but when Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) persisted, he eventually relented, and they all proceeded to the Haram.

Hazrat Dimaad bin Tha’labah Azdi (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was a close friend of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) from the pre-Islamic era of ignorance. He would recite different invocations and blow on people as a form of treatment.

When he came to Makkah Mukarramah after Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was bestowed with prophethood, he saw a group of boys following Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Some were calling him a sorcerer and fortune teller while others called him insane and a madman. Hazrat Dimaad (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) appeared before Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and said, “I know how to treat insanity. Give me permission to treat you, and perhaps Allah Ta‘ala will cure you at my hands.”

Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Mas‘ood (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates:

On one occasion, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was performing salaah in the Haram while Abu Jahl and his friends were also present. Abu Jahl addressed his friends and asked, “Is there no one among you who will go and fetch the intestines of such-and-such camel and place it on Muhammed’s back as he goes into sajdah?”

The most wretched of them all, at that time, was ‘Uqbah bin Abi Mu‘ait. He rose, fetched the intestines and dumped it on the back of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) while he was in sajdah.

Hazrat ‘Uthmaan bin ‘Affaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports:

I once saw Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) performing tawaaf of the Ka‘bah while ‘Uqbah bin Abu Mu‘ait, Abu Jahal and Umayyah bin Khalaf were sitting in the hateem area.

As Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) passed by, they uttered obscene words to him. The second time Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) passed by, they again uttered obscene words to him. When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) passed by for the third time and they uttered these obscene words again, the blessed countenance of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) changed. He stopped and said to them, “By Allah! You will continue in this manner until the punishment of Allah Ta‘ala swiftly befalls you.”

On one occasion, while Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was delivering a khutbah to the people, he asked them, “Tell me, who is the most brave and courageous person?” The people replied, “You are the most brave and courageous.”

Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) responded, “My condition is such that anyone who challenged me, I was able to combat him. However, I feel that the most brave and courageous person was Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). The reason for this is that I once saw the Quraish beating Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) while saying:

أنت الذي جعلت الآلهة إلها واحدا

So you are the one who has united all the gods into a single deity!

“While they were beating him, none of us had the courage to go close and defend him from the enemy. Coincidentally, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) arrived, plunged into the mob, punching one person and delivering a blow to another. Just as the man with imaan had addressed Fir‘aun and Haamaan saying, ‘Are you killing a man because he says, ‘My Lord is Allah’?’, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said to the disbelievers at that time, ‘Woe unto you! Do you wish to kill a man simply because he says, ‘Allah is my Lord’?’”

When Fir‘aun and Haamaan conspired and decided to kill Nabi Musa (‘alaihis salaam), one of Fir‘aun’s people who had secretly brought Imaan in Nabi Musa (‘alaihis salaam) exclaimed, “Are you killing a person merely because he declares, ‘My Lord is Allah’?”

Allah Ta‘ala recounts this incident in Surah Mu’min as follows:

وَ قَالَ رَجُلٌ مُّؤۡمِنٌ ٭ۖ مِّنۡ اٰلِ فِرۡعَوۡنَ یَکۡتُمُ اِیۡمَانَہٗۤ اَتَقۡتُلُوۡنَ رَجُلًا اَنۡ یَّقُوۡلَ رَبِّیَ اللّٰہُ

A believing man from the people of Fir‘aun who was concealing his Imaan said, “Do you wish to kill a man simply because he says, ‘My Lord is Allah’?” (Surah Mu’min v. 28)

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa pg. 204)

Hazrat ‘Urwah bin Zubair (rahimahullah) says, “On one occasion, I asked Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin ‘Aas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) to relate to me the manner in which the disbelievers would persecute Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

“Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin ‘Aas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) replied, ‘One day, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was engaged in salaah in the Hateem area when ‘Uqbah bin Abi Mu‘ait threw a cloth over the neck of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and pulled it so tightly that he almost strangled him.

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