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What is Islam - eBook

  

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(Continuing the Incident of Hazrat Salmaan Faarsi [radhiyallahu ‘anhu])

Hazrat Salmaan Faarsi (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) says:

On one occasion, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said to me, “O Salmaan! Make a deal of kitaabat with your master (i.e. an agreement where the slave will earn his freedom if he pays a certain fixed amount of wealth to his master).”

When I spoke to my master (and proposed the kitaabat), he said, “If you pay me forty ooqiyah of gold, and plant three hundred date palms for me, then when the date palms begin bearing fruit, you will be free.”

(Continuing the Incident of Hazrat Salmaan Faarsi [radhiyallahu ‘anhu] embracing Islam)

Hazrat Salmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) continues:

After climbing down from the date palm, I began to ask the arriving Jew, “Tell me! What were you just talking about? Tell me the news as well!” On seeing this, my master became angry, delivered a hard slap to my face and said, “What business is it of yours? Do your work!”

When the evening arrived and I had completed my work, I gathered whatever wealth I possessed and presented myself before Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). At that time, he was residing in Quba.

(Continuing the Incident of Hazrat Salmaan Faarsi [radhiyallahu ‘anhu] embracing Islam)

Hazrat Salmaan Faarsi (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) continues:

I continued living with this Jewish master in Madinah Munawwarah, attending to his date palms in Banu Quraizah. In the meantime, Allah bestowed Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) with nubuwwah in Makkah Mukarramah. However, since I was a slave and remained engaged in the service of my master, I had absolutely no knowledge of this.

When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) performed hijrah, coming to Madinah Munawwarah, then on arriving in Quba, he began to stay at the Banu Amr bin Auf clan. At that time, I was at the top of a date palm, engaged in some work, while my master was seated beneath it. It was then that another Jew, who was my master’s cousin (father’s brother’s son) came and began to say to him, “May Allah destroy the Qaylah (the Ansaar)! They are gathering around a man in Quba who has come from Makkah, and they are saying that he is a Nabi and Messenger of Allah.”

(Continuing the Incident of Hazrat Salmaan Faarsi [radhiyallahu ‘anhu] embracing Islam)

Hazrat Salmaan Faarsi (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) continues:

As we reached the valley of Qura, the caravan I was traveling with betrayed me by enslaving me and selling me to a Jew. After coming with him (to his house), I saw a number of date palms and thought to myself that this was perhaps the same land (i.e. the same land of date palms which the aalim of Umooriyyah had mentioned will be the place to which the final Nabi will perform hijrah).

Sunday, 28 April 2024 16:12

General Masaa’il Pertaining to Fasting - Part Two

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6. If one falls ill while fasting and is unable to continue with the fast, it will be permissible for him to break the fast and only qadha will be waajib. [1]

7. If one makes a vow that he will fast if a certain work is accomplished or a certain outcome materialises, then in such a case, it will be waajib on him to fast if the specified work is accomplished or the intended outcome materialises. For example, one makes a vow saying, “If my mother recovers from her sickness, I will fast,” or one says, “If I pass in my exams, I will fast.” [2]

8. If one breaks a nafl fast, then it will be compulsory upon him to observe a qadha fast for the broken nafl fast. [3]

9. If a person’s fast breaks in the month of Ramadhaan, it is not permissible for him to eat or drink anything for the rest of the day. It is waajib upon him to conduct like a fasting person by not eating and drinking for the rest of the day. This ruling also applies to a woman whose haidh terminates during the day. It is not permissible for her to eat or drink anything for the rest of the day. [4]

10. If a person did not make the intention to fast on any day of Ramadhaan and ate and drank during the day, only qadha for that day will be compulsory upon him. Kaffaarah will not be compulsory upon him, as he did not break the fast on that day, but rather refrained from fasting. [5]

Sunday, 28 April 2024 16:05

General Masaa’il Pertaining to Fasting

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1. Fasting is for a Muslim male, or female who is in her pure state, to abstain from eating, drinking and sexual intercourse from subah saadiq (early dawn) till sunset with the intention of fasting. Hence, if one eats after subah saadiq or one eats before sunset, one’s fast will not be valid. [1]

2. It is not necessary for a person to make a verbal intention to fast. Instead, it is sufficient for one to make the intention of fasting in one’s heart. [2]

3. Fasting in the month of Ramadhaan is fardh on every baaligh, sane Muslim. As long as there is no valid excuse, it is not permissible for one to omit fasting. [3] If one is ill or one is a musaafir, it is permissible for one to delay the fast and make qadha of it after Ramadhaan. [4]

4. If ghusl becomes compulsory upon one at night, and one only performs ghusl after the fast commences, the fast will be valid. [5]

5. If a fasting person experiences a wet dream during the day, his fast will not break, but ghusl will be compulsory upon him. [6]

Sunday, 28 April 2024 15:50

Kaffarah for Fasts Broken During Several Ramadhaans

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If one broke his fast during the month of Ramadhaan through having relations, kaffaarah will be compulsory upon him. However, if he did not discharge the kaffaarah and repeated the crime of having relations during two or more Ramadhaans, then a separate kaffaarah will be compulsory upon him for each Ramadhaan. [1]

If one broke his fast during the month of Ramadhaan through eating or drinking, kaffaarah will be compulsory upon him. If he did not discharge the kaffaarah and repeated the crime of eating or drinking during two or more Ramadhaans, then a separate kaffaarah will not be compulsory upon him for each Ramadhaan. Rather, one kaffaarah will suffice on behalf of all the broken fasts during the several Ramadhaans. [2]

Fasting is a salient feature of Islam. To openly eat and drink during the month of Ramadhaan is tantamount to showing disregard to the salient feature of Islam and is thus a major sin. [1]

If the one who does not fast and openly eats and drinks regards it as a sin, but does so due to weakness of Imaan, he will be guilty of commiting a major sin. However, he will not leave the fold of Islam. [2]

If he believes that there is no sin in what he is doing, then he has regarded this salient feature of Islam to be insignificant. This will therefore cause him to leave the fold of Islam. See 1

Kaffaarah for a Broken Fast

If one breaks his fast in the month of Ramadhaan without a valid excuse, he will be sinful due to committing a major sin. [3] The way for one to make taubah for this major sin is that one sincerely repents to Allah Ta‘ala for committing this major sin and makes a firm resolve that he will never repeat this sin in the future.

(Continuing the Incident of Hazrat Salmaan Faarsi [radhiyallahu ‘anhu] embracing Islam)

Hazrat Salmaan Faarsi (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) mentions:

On arriving in Shaam, I asked the people, “Who is the greatest priest among the Christians?” The people told me the name of a certain priest, and hence I went to him and informed him of my entire incident.

I also said to him, “I wish to remain in your company to learn about your religion. I am interested in your religion and it appeals to me. If you permit, I will remain in your service, study this religion, and perform prayers with you.”

The name of this Sahaabi was Salmaan, while his kunyah (filial title) was Abu Abdillah. He was popularly known by the title “Salmaan Al-Khair” (Salmaan – the person of goodness), as though Hazrat Salmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was an embodiment of goodness.

He hailed from the town of Jayy in the region of Raamhurmuz in Persia. He was a descendant of the Persian emperors, however when anyone asked him, “Whose son are you?” he would reply, “I am Salmaan, the son of Islam.”