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What is Islam - eBook


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Pages: 64



The name of this Sahaabi was Salmaan, while his kunyah (filial title) was Abu Abdillah. He was popularly known by the title “Salmaan Al-Khair” (Salmaan – the person of goodness), as though Hazrat Salmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was an embodiment of goodness.

He hailed from the town of Jayy in the region of Raamhurmuz in Persia. He was a descendant of the Persian emperors, however when anyone asked him, “Whose son are you?” he would reply, “I am Salmaan, the son of Islam.” 

Maymoon bin Yaameen was one of the leaders of the Jews. He embraced Islam the moment he set eyes upon Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). His conversion to Islam is similar to that of Hazrat Abdullah bin Salaam (radhiyallahu ‘anhu).

Maymoon bin Yaameen came to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and said, “O Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)! Summon the Jews and appoint me as a mediator, they will refer to me.”

Hazrat Abdullah bin Salaam (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) continues the incident of his embracing Islam:

I then said to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), “O Rasul of Allah! Before my people (the Jews) find out that I have embraced Islam, conceal me in a room, summon the Jews and ask them about me, as the Jews are a very slanderous nation (and I fear that if they come to know that I have embraced Islam before you ask them about me, they will accuse me of things which I am not guilty of).”

Hazrat Abdullah bin Salaam (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was an eminent aalim of the Tauraat. He was a descendant of Hazrat Nabi Yusuf (‘alaihis salaam). His original name was Husain. After he embraced Islam, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) changed his name to Abdullah bin Salaam.

Hazrat Abdullah bin Salaam (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates the incident of his embracing Islam saying, “When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) came to Madinah Munawwarah, then as soon as I heard the news of his arrival, I came to see him.”

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that on one occasion, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) addressed Ibnu Surya (a Rabbi) saying, “I ask you in the name of Allah to tell me the truth – does the Tauraah contain the law of stoning the married adulterers to death?” Ibnu Surya replied:

اللهم نعم أما والله يا أبا القاسم إنهم ليعرفون أنك نبي مرسل ولكنهم يحسدونك

O Allah! Yes (this law is definitely contained in the Tauraah)! By Allah, O Abul Qaasim! The Jews are certainly well aware that you are the Nabi sent by Allah Ta‘ala, but they are jealous of you (and that is why they oppose you and do not bring imaan in you).’”

When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) arrived in Madinah Munawwarah, the Rabbis of Madinah assembled in Bayt-ul-Midraas (the name of the madrasah of the Jews), and after mutual consultation, they decided to go to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) in order to ask him a few questions.

In the narration of Hazrat Abu Hurairah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reported by Hazrat Sa’eed bin Musayyib (rahimahullah), it is mentioned that the Jews spoke among themselves and said, “Let us go to that man (a disrespectful way of indicating towards Rasulullah [sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam]) and pose a few questions.”

When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) arrived in Madinah Munawwarah, the Ulama of the Jews (Rabbis) came specially to visit him and pose various questions to him in order to test him.

On account of the glad tidings which the previous Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) had given regarding Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), the Ulama of the Jews were well aware that the final messenger would soon appear. Similarly, they knew well that the final Messenger, regarding whom Nabi Musa (‘alaihis salaam) had given glad tidings of his appearance, was soon going to appear from the land of Bat-haa (Makkah Mukarramah). Therefore, the Ulama of the Jews were all anticipating his arrival.

Friday, 01 March 2024 19:48

Occasions of Fasting

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It is sunnah to fast on the occasion of Aashura i.e. 9th and 10th or 10th and 11th of Muharram. [1]

It is mustahab to fast on the following days:

1. The 13th, 14th and 15th of every Islamic month [2]

2. Six fasts during the month of Shawwaal [3]

3. Mondays and Thursdays [4]

4. The first nine days of Zul Hijjah. As far as the ninth of Zul – Hijjah is concerned, it is only mustahab for the one who is not performing hajj [5]

5. To fast every alternate day for the one who has the ability to do so. This fast is called Saum-e-Dawood, on account of Nabi Dawood (‘alaihis salaam) fasting in this manner [3]

Friday, 01 March 2024 19:41

Sunnats and Aadaab of Fasting – Part Five

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21. On the Night of Qadr, recite the following dua:

اَللّٰهُمَّ إِنَّكَ عَفُوٌّ تُحِبُّ الْعَفْوَ فَاعْفُ عَنِّيْ

O Allah, Indeed You are most forgiving, You love to forgive, so please forgive me.

Friday, 01 March 2024 19:33

Sunnats and Aadaab of Fasting – Part Four

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16. It is best to break one’s fast with dates and water.

Hazrat Salmaan bin Aamir (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “At the time of iftaar, one should break his fast with dates as this is full of blessings, and if one does not have dates, then he should drink water as this is a means of purification.” [1]