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Sunday, 03 October 2021 09:13

Sunnats and Aadaab of Greeting (Salaam) – Part Three Featured

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21. While you are relieving yourself, you should not make salaam to any person or reply to the salaam of any person. Similarly, if a person is relieving himself, you should not make salaam to him. [1]

22. You should make salaam to your elders with humility in a low voice.

23. If you promise to convey the salaam of a person to someone else, it becomes waajib on you to fulfil the promise and convey the salaam. [2]

24. The sunnah of salaam is not confined to adults. When one meets children, one should also greet them with salaam. When Hazrat Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) would see children, he would make salaam to them. [3]

25. Upon meeting, you should commence the conversation with salaam.

Hazrat Jaabir (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Salaam should be made before the conversation.” [4]

26. It is an adab (Islamic etiquette) that when one person is walking and another is sitting, then the one who is walking should commence the salaam and greet first. Similarly, when one person is riding a conveyance and another person is walking, then the one riding the conveyance should commence the salaam and greet first. Likewise, the young should greet the elders first, and a small group (those that are fewer in number) should greet the bigger group (those who are many) first. [5]

Hazrat Abu Hurairah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “The one who is riding a conveyance should greet the one who is walking first. The one who is walking should greet the one who is sitting first. Those that are few in number (a small group) should greet those that are many (a big group) first. The young should greet the elders first.” [6]

Note: Though the Islamic etiquette is that these groups mentioned in the Hadith should greet first, however each one should endeavour to make salaam first, as it was the sunnah of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) to greet first upon meeting.

27. One should not make salaam when greeting a non-Muslim. If a non-Muslim greets one with salaam, then one should reply by merely saying “Wa alaik” (and upon you), and if many non-Muslims greet one with salaam, one should reply by saying “Wa alaikum” (and upon you all). [7]

28. When two Muslims meet, then after making salaam, they should make musaafahah (shake hands) with each other. [8]

Hazrat Abdullah bin Mas’ood (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Hazrat Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “(When two Muslims meet then) the completion of their greeting (each other with salaam) is that they make musaafahah with each other.” [9]

29. When making musaafahah, it is sunnah to make musaafahah with both hands. [10]

30. When making musaafahah, merely grasp the next person’s hands. There is no need to shake the hands, as done by kuffaar. Similarly, after making musaafahah, one should not kiss his own hand and rub it on his chest as this practise has no basis in Deen. [11]

31. When making musaafahah, do not grip the next person’s hands so tightly that you cause him pain or difficulty. [11]

32. Do not hasten in removing your hands after making musaafahah. Rather, you should allow the next person to remove his hand first.

Hazrat Anas (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that when any person would meet Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and make musaafahah, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) would not remove his hand until the other person removed his hand first, and Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) would not turn his face away (to leave from the place of meeting) until the other person turned his face away first (to leave from the place of meeting). [12]


[1] وفي الخانية ويكره أن يسلم على من هو في الخلاء ولا يرد عليه السلام وكذا الآكل والقارئ والمشتغل بالعلم وكذا في الحمام إن كان مكشوف العورة (البحر الرائق 8/236)

[2] وإذا أمر رجلا أن يقرأ سلامه على فلان يجب عليه ذلك كذا في الغياثية (الفتاوى الهندية 5/326)

ولو قال لآخر: أقرئ فلانا السلام يجب عليه ذلك (الدر المختار 6/415)

[3] صحيح مسلم، الرقم: 2168

[4] سنن الترمذي، الرقم: 2699، وإسناد ضعيف لضعف محمد بن زاذان كما في إتحاف الخيرة المهرة 4/281

[5] قال في التتارخانية ويسلم الذي يأتيك من خلفك ويسلم الماشي على القاعد والراكب على الماشي والصغير على الكبير وإذا التقيا فأفضلهما يسبقهما فإن سلما معا يرد كل واحد وقال الحسن: يبتدئ الأقل بالأكثر (رد المحتار 6/416)

[6] صحيح مسلم، الرقم: 2703

[7] ولو سلم يهودي أو نصراني أو مجوسي على مسلم فلا بأس بالرد (و) لكن (لا يزيد على قوله وعليك) كما في الخانية (الدر المختار 6/412)

عن أنس بن مالك أن رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إذا سلم عليكم أهل الكتاب فقولوا وعليكم (صحسح مسلم، الرقم: 2163)

[8] (كالمصافحة) أي كما تجوز المصافحة لأنها سنة قديمة متواترة لقوله عليه الصلاة والسلام من صافح أخاه المسلم وحرك يده تناثرت ذنوبه (الدر المختار 6/381)

[9] سنن الترمذي، الرقم: 2730، وقال الحافظ في الفتح 11/56: وقد أخرج الترمذي من حديث بن مسعود رفعه من تمام التحية الأخذ باليد وفي سنده ضعف وحكى الترمذي عن البخاري أنه رجح أنه موقوف على عبد الرحمن بن يزيد النخعي أحد التابعين

[10] وفي القنية: السنة في المصافحة بكلتا يديه (الدر المختار 6/381)

عن ابن مسعود قال: علمني رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وكفي بين كفيه التشهد كما يعلمني السورة من القرآن (صحيح البخاري، الرقم: 6265)

[11] وتجوز المصافحة والسنة فيها أن يضع يديه على يديه من غير حائل من ثوب أو غيره كذا في خزانة المفتين (الفتاوى الهندية 5/369)

[12] سنن الترمذي، الرقم: 2490، وقال: هذا حديث غريب

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