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What is Islam - eBook


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Friday, 22 February 2019 14:21

Three Unfortunate People

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عن كعب بن عجرة قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: احضروا المنبر فحضرنا فلما ارتقى درجة قال: آمين فلما ارتقى الدرجة الثانية قال: آمين فلما ارتقى الدرجة الثالثة قال: آمين فلما نزل قلنا: يا رسول الله لقد سمعنا منك اليوم شيئا ما كنا نسمعه قال: إن جبريل عليه الصلاة والسلام عرض لي فقال: بعدا لمن أدرك رمضان فلم يغفر له قلت: آمين فلما رقيت الثانية قال: بعدا لمن ذكرت عنده فلم يصل عليك قلت: آمين فلما رقيت الثالثة قال: بعدا لمن أدرك أبواه الكبر عنده أو أحدهما فلم يدخلاه الجنة قلت: آمين (المستدرك للحاكم رقم 7256)

Hazrat Ka’b bin ‘Ujrah (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports the following: On one occasion, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) called out to the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum), “Come to the mimbar.” When we assembled around the mimbar, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) ascended the first step and said, “Ameen.” He then ascended the second step and said, “Ameen.” Then, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) ascended the third step and said, “Ameen.” After delivering the khutbah, when Rasulullah descended from the mimbar, we asked, “O Rasul of Allah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)! We heard you say something today that we did not hear you say before (i.e. saying ameen thrice while ascending the mimbar).” Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) replied, “(When I ascended the first step,) Hazrat Jibreel (‘alaihis salaam) appeared before me and said, ‘Woe to him who witnessed the blessed month of Ramadhaan, yet he let it pass without gaining forgiveness (i.e. he did not fulfill the rights of this month).’ I said ameen to this du‘aa. When I ascended the second step, he said, ‘Woe to him before whom your name is mentioned, yet he does not send durood upon you.’ I said ameen to this du‘aa. When I ascended the third step, he said, “Woe to him in whose presence both of his parents or one of them attain old age, yet (due to not serving them) they do not become the means for him to enter Jannah. I said ameen to this du‘aa.”

According to some narrations, before Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) commenced dictating the letter, he said to Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), “Give me mashura and advise me regarding who I should appoint as the Khalifah, for by Allah, in my sight, you are also worthy of the position of Khilaafah.” Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “I will write the name of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)” and he then commenced writing the letter. However, when he reached the point where the name of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had to be written, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) fell unconscious. Since, Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) knew that Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) wanted Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to be the next Khalifah, he wrote his name.

Thereafter, when Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) regained consciousness, he specified, “Write the name of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu).”

(Hayaatus Sahaabah 2/ 31-33)

Wednesday, 20 February 2019 04:06

Invitation to Islam and Feeding the People - Part Six

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When the Quraish lost hope in Abu Taalib supporting them, they began to show open opposition and enmity for the Muslims. They started inflicting different punishments on the weak and vulnerable Muslims of the various tribes.

Abu Taalib then called on the Banu Haashim and Banu Muttalib to support and assist Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Upon the call of Abu Taalib, all the members of the Banu Haashim and Banu Muttalib responded and promised their assistance. From the Banu Haashim, only Abu Lahab joined the enemy against Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa 1/178-179)

Imaam ‘Abdur Razzaaq (rahimahullah) once remembered the following incident regarding Imaam Ahmed (rahimahullah), and began to tear as he narrated it. He said:

When Imaam Ahmed (rahimahullah) arrived, I learnt that all his money was depleted. I thus took ten dinars (gold coins) and presented them to him. When I presented the money to Imaam Ahmed (rahimahullah), he smiled and said, “O Abu Bakr! If there was any person from whom I would have accepted something as assistance, it would have been you.” Saying this, Imaam Ahmed (rahimahullah) declined to accept the money from me.

Note: Perhaps Imaam Ahmed (rahimahullah) declined to accept the financial assistance of Imaam ‘Abdur Razzaaq (rahimahullah) as he felt that he would be able to earn wealth in a halaal manner and remain independent from the creation. The focus of these great servants of Allah Ta‘ala was always towards Allah Ta‘ala, and they never turned their gaze towards the creation, seeking handouts and gifts from them.

(Siyar A’laam min Nubalaa vol. 11 pg. 229)

Saturday, 16 February 2019 04:12

Honouring the Azwaaj-e-Mutahharaat

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Hazrat Aslam (rahimahullah), the slave of Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), reports that Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had nine special platters reserved for the Azwaaj-e-Mutahharaat (respected wives of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and mothers of the ummah). Whenever any delicacy, fruit or meat would come to Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), then he would make nine shares, place them on the nine platters and respectfully send them to the Azwaaj-e-Mutahharaat. He would first send the platters to the other Azwaaj-e-Mutahharaat and would send the platter of his beloved daughter, Hazrat Hafsah (radhiyallahu ‘anha), last. At times, if there was a slight shortage in any platter, he would send this platter to his beloved daughter, Hazrat Hafasah (radhiyallahu ‘anha), and ensure that the other wives of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) received the full platters. In this way, he honoured the family of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) by giving them the gifts that he received from people, and he gave preference to the other wives of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) over his beloved daughter and family.

(Muwatta Imaam Muhammed pg. 405)

Thursday, 14 February 2019 04:09

Reciting a Fixed Amount of Durood Daily

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Muhammed bin Sa‘eed bin Mutarrif (rahimahullah) was a righteous and pious person. He narrated the following incident:

I had made it my ma’mool (fixed daily ‘ibaadah) to recite a certain amount of durood upon Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) every night on retiring to bed. One night, when I was in my room, I completed reciting the durood and fell asleep. As I fell asleep, I had a dream in which I saw that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) entered my room through the door. As he entered, the entire room was illuminated with his mubaarak noor. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) then turned towards me and said, “Present to me this mouth with which you recite abundant durood upon me so that I can kiss it.” I felt shy to present my mouth to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), so I presented my cheek to him. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) then placed his mubaarak mouth on my cheek and kissed it.

Wednesday, 13 February 2019 04:07

Hazrat ‘Uthmaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Forty Five

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Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then called Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) in private and gave him certain advices. Thereafter, when Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) left the room, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) raised his hands high and made the following du‘aa:

O Allah! I only intended the good and benefit of the ummah in appointing Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). I fear that if I do not appoint the correct person, the people will fall into fitnah after my demise, and hence I have decided that which I felt was most appropriate, but You know best. After pondering deeply over the matter, I have appointed over them the one whom I felt was the best among them, the most capable of leading the people, and the most desirous for that which will ensure their guidance and goodness. I am now beset by Your command of death which has come to me, so You see to their affairs after me, as they are Your slaves and their forelocks are in Your control. I beseech You to decide that which is the best for them in appointing their Khalifah after me. Make Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) be among the Khulafaa-e-Raashideen (rightly guided Khalifas) who will follow the blessed way and example of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), the Nabi of mercy, and the way of all the righteous servants whose positions come after the position of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) (from the Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam)) after him, and make his subjects righteous and obedient to him.

(Hayaatus Sahaabah 2/ 31-33)

Wednesday, 13 February 2019 04:06

Invitation to Islam and Feeding the People - Part Five

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When the Quraish noticed that Abu Taalib was determined to assist and protect Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), they consulted each other for a third time. They then came to Abu Taalib and said, “‘Umaarah bin Waheed is an extremely handsome, intelligent and understanding youngster of the Quraish. Take him and hand your nephew to us who is responsible for causing disunity among the people. We intend to kill him and save the people from this calamity.”

Abu Taalib replied, “What! How can it ever be possible for me to give you that child which I raised myself and allow you to kill him while I take your child in his place to raise and care for? By Allah! This can never happen!”

Mut‘im bin ‘Adiyy remarked, “O Abu Taalib! Your people have presented you with a fair and just suggestion and an excellent solution to rid themselves of this calamity. However, you did not accept their offer.” Abu Taalib retorted, “By Allah! My people have not been fair to me! You can do whatever you want!”

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa 1/178)

Monday, 11 February 2019 04:16

Sunnats of Sitting in a Deeni Discourse – Part Eleven

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18. It is waajib (compulsory) for one to remain silent while the khutbah is being delivered e.g. Jumu‘ah, nikaah, eid, etc. If one speaks during the khutbah, one will be sinful.[1]

عن ابن عباس قال: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم: من تكلم يوم الجمعة والإمام يخطب فهو كمثل الحمار يحمل أسفارا والذي يقول له: أنصت ليس له جمعة رواه أحمد والبزار والطبراني في الكبير وفيه مجالد بن سعيد وقد ضعفه الناس ووثقه النسائي في رواية (مجمع الزوائد رقم 3123)

Hazrat ibnu ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “The example of the one who speaks on the day of Jum‘uah while the Imaam delivers the khutbah is like that of a donkey which carries a load of books on its back (i.e. just as a donkey carrying a load of Deeni books on its back does not benefit from the Deeni books, similarly the one who speaks while the khutbah is in progress will not receive any benefit). And the one who asks another to remain silent (while the khutbah is being delivered), there is no Jumu‘ah for him (i.e. even though he is advising another to remain silent during the khutbah, he himself has committed a sin due to speaking while the khutbah is in progress).”

Sunday, 10 February 2019 06:18

Following a Person who Holds Deviated Beliefs in Deen

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Yunus bin ‘Abdil A’laa (rahimahullah) narrates the following:

I once said to Imaam Shaafi‘ee (rahimahullah), “Our companion, Imaam Laith bin Sa’d (rahimahullah), has mentioned in regard to people who hold deviated beliefs, ‘Even if I see a person who holds deviated beliefs in deen walking on water, I will not accept him and follow him.’”

Hearing this, Imaam Shaafi‘ee (rahimahullah) remarked, “Imaam Laith (rahimahullah) has said well, but has not expressed the matter to the point I would have expressed it. I would say that let alone such a person walking on water, even if I see him flying in the air, I would not accept him and follow him.”

(Manaaqib-ush-Shaafi‘ee lilBayhaqi pg. 1/453)