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Monday, 30 January 2017 15:24

Women presenters on radio stations

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Q: Is it permissible to listen to the voice of a non-mahram female? Often, there is a female reading the news on the radio. Can one listen to this or should one switch it off? Some people claim that the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) would ask Hazrat ‘Aa’ishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) rulings and learn from her. Therefore, the presence of female presenters on Islamic radio stations is fine. Is this justified?

A: Shari‘ah commands segregation between non mahram men and women. The reason for this command is that non mahram men and women freely intermingling and casually interacting among themselves leads to many evils and sins. Allah Ta'ala commands women in the Holy Qur'an thus:

وَقَرْنَ فِي بُيُوتِكُنَّ وَلَا تَبَرَّجْنَ تَبَرُّجَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ الْأُولَىٰ ﴿الأحزاب:33﴾

Remain within the confines of your homes and do not leave your homes displaying your beauty and attraction, in the manner that the women of the days of ignorance would display their beauty.

Hence, it is imperative for one to understand that just as a woman is commanded to conceal her body by remaining within the confines of her home and not leaving her home without any valid reason, she is similarly commanded to conceal her voice from all non mahram men as her voice is also a cause of creating fitnah and a means of inciting lustful feelings within the hearts of men. Allah Ta‘ala commands women in the Qur’aan Majeed:

فَلَا تَخْضَعْنَ بِالْقَوْلِ فَيَطْمَعَ الَّذِي فِي قَلْبِهِ مَرَضٌ ﴿الأحزاب: 32﴾

So do not speak in soft tones (with non mahrams), lest the one in whose heart is a disease should be moved with desire.

Furthermore, on account of the abundant fitnah prevalent everywhere in this era, one should, in his individual capacity, exercise extreme caution when dealing with non mahram women and save himself from sin as well as the avenues that lead to sin.

As far as the Azwaaj-e-Mutahharaat [the noble wives of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)] are concerned, it should be borne in mind that they were mahrams to the men of the ummah in the aspect of nikaah. Allah Ta‘ala Himself refers to them as the mothers of the believers. After the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), they were not permitted to remarry. Yet, despite them being mahrams to the men of the ummah, they still observed purdah from the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum). Hazrat ‘Aa’ishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) herself mentions that during the farewell Hajj with Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), whenever any men used to pass by us [the wives of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)], we used to conceal our faces with a cloth (in such a manner that the cloth would be suspended before our faces and not touch our faces) so that we would not be seen by the men. Only after the men had passed would we lift the cloth. The Azwaaj-e-Mutahharaat (radhiyallahu ‘anhunna) conducted themselves in this manner to teach the ummah the level of caution that needs to be exercised between men and women.

Despite the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) being so pure, compared to the men of these times, the Azwaaj-e-Mutahharaat and the women of the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhunna) were still commanded to observe purdah from them. Furthermore, the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) only referred to the Azwaaj-e-Mutahharaat (radhiyallahu ‘anhunna) at the time of need when a matter relating to the Mubaarak life of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) needed some clarification. Hence, while observing complete purda, Hazrat ‘Aa’ishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha) would explain the laws of Deen to them. Trying to justify the chit chat, chuckling and laughing and the general talking of women with men on radio, on the basis of the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) learning Deen from Hazrat ‘Aa’ishah (radhiyallahu ‘anha), is a complete distortion.

And Allah Ta‘ala (الله تعالى) knows best.

اَلنَّبِیُّ اَوۡلٰی بِالۡمُؤۡمِنِیۡنَ مِنۡ اَنۡفُسِہِمۡ وَ اَزۡوَاجُہٗۤ اُمَّہٰتُہُمۡ ؕ وَ اُولُوا الۡاَرۡحَامِ بَعۡضُہُمۡ اَوۡلٰی بِبَعۡضٍ فِیۡ کِتٰبِ اللّٰہِ مِنَ الۡمُؤۡمِنِیۡنَ وَ الۡمُہٰجِرِیۡنَ اِلَّاۤ اَنۡ تَفۡعَلُوۡۤا اِلٰۤی اَوۡلِیٰٓئِکُمۡ مَّعۡرُوۡفًا ؕ کَانَ ذٰلِکَ فِی الۡکِتٰبِ مَسۡطُوۡرًا ﴿۶﴾

عن عائشة قالت كان الركبان يمرون بنا ونحن مع رسول الله -صلى الله عليه وسلم- محرمات فإذا حاذوا بنا سدلت إحدانا جلبابها من رأسها إلى وجهها فإذا جاوزونا كشفناه.(رواه أبو داود 1/254)

عن أم سلمة قالت كنت عند رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وعنده ميمونة فأقبل ابن أم مكتوم وذلك بعد أن أمرنا بالحجاب فقال النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم احتجبا منه. فقلنا يا رسول الله أليس أعمى لا يبصرنا ولا يعرفنا فقال النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم أفعمياوان أنتما ألستما تبصرانه (رواه أبو داود 2/568) 

عن علي أنه كان عند النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال أي شيء خير للمرأة فسكتوا قال فلما رجعت قلت لفاطمة أي شيء خير للنساء قالت لا يرين الرجال ولا يرونهن فذكرت ذلك للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم فقال إنما فاطمة بضعة مني (البزار وأبو نعيم فى الحلية وضعف) [كنز العمال 46012]


Answered by: Mufti Zakaria Makada

Checked & Approved: Mufti Ebrahim Salejee (Isipingo Beach)

Read 124 times Last modified on Tuesday, 31 January 2017 09:06