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Wednesday, 20 April 2016 19:50

Allah Ta'ala Being Eternal

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ہُوَ الۡاَوَّلُ وَ الۡاٰخِرُ وَ الظَّاہِرُ وَ الۡبَاطِنُ ۚ وَ ہُوَ بِکُلِّ شَیۡءٍ عَلِیۡمٌ ﴿۳﴾

He is the First and the Last, the Manifest and the Hidden: and He has full knowledge of all things. (Surah Hadeed)

In the above verse of the Qur’aan Kareem, Allah Ta‘ala‘ala explains to us that his being is eternal. Being eternal means that Allah Ta‘ala‘ala was forever, is forever and will always be forever. Allah Ta‘ala‘ala has no beginning and no end. Rather, he is the creator of time and the creator of every creation.

Just as Allah Ta‘ala is eternal in his being, He is also eternal in His divine attributes.

There is no change which overcomes Allah Ta‘ala‘ala by the passing of time – unlike man who with the passing of time, passes through various stages of development or change.

Allah Ta‘ala describes himself in many places of the Qur’aan Kareem.

Hazrat Ubayy bin Ka‘b (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates that the disbelievers once came to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and asked him to describe Allah Ta‘ala to them and sarcastically said, “Explain to us the lineage of Allah Ta‘ala.” In response, Allah Ta‘ala revealed Surah Ikhlaas:

قُلۡ ہُوَ اللّٰہُ اَحَدٌ ۚ﴿۱﴾ اَللّٰہُ الصَّمَدُ ۚ﴿۲﴾ لَمۡ یَلِدۡ ۬ۙ وَ لَمۡ یُوۡلَدۡ ۙ﴿۳﴾ وَ لَمۡ یَکُنۡ لَّہٗ کُفُوًا اَحَدٌ ٪﴿۴﴾

Say: “It is Allah, the One and Only. Allah is needed by all and in need of none. He neither begot anyone nor was he begotten and equal to him has never been anyone.” (Surah Ikhlaas)

(Sunan Tirmizi #3364/Haakim #3987)

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