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What is Islam - eBook

  

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Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin Mas‘ood (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) narrates:

On one occasion, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was performing salaah in the Haram while Abu Jahl and his friends were also present. Abu Jahl addressed his friends and asked, “Is there no one among you who will go and fetch the intestines of such-and-such camel and place it on Muhammed’s back as he goes into sajdah?”

The most wretched of them all, at that time, was ‘Uqbah bin Abi Mu‘ait. He rose, fetched the intestines and dumped it on the back of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) while he was in sajdah.

Hazrat ‘Uthmaan bin ‘Affaan (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports:

I once saw Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) performing tawaaf of the Ka‘bah while ‘Uqbah bin Abu Mu‘ait, Abu Jahal and Umayyah bin Khalaf were sitting in the hateem area.

As Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) passed by, they uttered obscene words to him. The second time Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) passed by, they again uttered obscene words to him. When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) passed by for the third time and they uttered these obscene words again, the blessed countenance of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) changed. He stopped and said to them, “By Allah! You will continue in this manner until the punishment of Allah Ta‘ala swiftly befalls you.”

On one occasion, while Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was delivering a khutbah to the people, he asked them, “Tell me, who is the most brave and courageous person?” The people replied, “You are the most brave and courageous.”

Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) responded, “My condition is such that anyone who challenged me, I was able to combat him. However, I feel that the most brave and courageous person was Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu). The reason for this is that I once saw the Quraish beating Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) while saying:

أنت الذي جعلت الآلهة إلها واحدا

So you are the one who has united all the gods into a single deity!

“While they were beating him, none of us had the courage to go close and defend him from the enemy. Coincidentally, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) arrived, plunged into the mob, punching one person and delivering a blow to another. Just as the man with imaan had addressed Fir‘aun and Haamaan saying, ‘Are you killing a man because he says, ‘My Lord is Allah’?’, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) said to the disbelievers at that time, ‘Woe unto you! Do you wish to kill a man simply because he says, ‘Allah is my Lord’?’”

When Fir‘aun and Haamaan conspired and decided to kill Nabi Musa (‘alaihis salaam), one of Fir‘aun’s people who had secretly brought Imaan in Nabi Musa (‘alaihis salaam) exclaimed, “Are you killing a person merely because he declares, ‘My Lord is Allah’?”

Allah Ta‘ala recounts this incident in Surah Mu’min as follows:

وَ قَالَ رَجُلٌ مُّؤۡمِنٌ ٭ۖ مِّنۡ اٰلِ فِرۡعَوۡنَ یَکۡتُمُ اِیۡمَانَہٗۤ اَتَقۡتُلُوۡنَ رَجُلًا اَنۡ یَّقُوۡلَ رَبِّیَ اللّٰہُ

A believing man from the people of Fir‘aun who was concealing his Imaan said, “Do you wish to kill a man simply because he says, ‘My Lord is Allah’?” (Surah Mu’min v. 28)

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa pg. 204)

Hazrat ‘Urwah bin Zubair (rahimahullah) says, “On one occasion, I asked Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin ‘Aas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) to relate to me the manner in which the disbelievers would persecute Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

“Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin ‘Aas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) replied, ‘One day, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was engaged in salaah in the Hateem area when ‘Uqbah bin Abi Mu‘ait threw a cloth over the neck of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and pulled it so tightly that he almost strangled him.

A man of the Banu Kinaanah tribe narrates, “I saw Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) in the market of Zul Majaaz proclaiming, ‘O people! Say Laa ilaaha illallaah, you will be successful.’

“At the same time, Abu Jahal was throwing sand at Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) saying, ‘O people! Do not be deceived by this man! He wishes to separate you from Laat and ‘Uzzaa!’

“However, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) calmly continued with his efforts without even a glance at Abu Jahal.”

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa pg. 204)

When the Quraish noticed that an open invitation was being given to Islam and idolatry was being openly condemned and criticized, they could not tolerate this. They thus prepared to show enmity and hostility to the one who invited to One Allah, and they prepared to oppose tauheed (proclaiming the oneness of Allah Ta‘ala). They resolved to cause such harm and pain to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) that he would be dissuaded and refrain from inviting people towards Islam.

In keeping with his human nature, when Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) forgot to say insha Allah, the following verses of the Qur’aan Majeed were revealed:

وَ لَا تَقُوۡلَنَّ لِشَایۡءٍ اِنِّیۡ فَاعِلٌ ذلِکَ غَدًا ﴿ۙ۲۳﴾ اِلَّاۤ انۡ یَّشَآءَ اللّٰہُ ۫

And never say about anything, “I will do it tomorrow,” except by adding insha Allah to it, and when you forget it, then remember your Lord (by saying insha Allah, as this will make amends for this forgetfulness). (Surah Kahf v. 23-24)

It is for this reason that Hazrat ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbaas (radhiyallahu ‘anhuma) would say that even if a person remembers to say insha Allah after a whole year passes, he should still say it at that time, as this will compensate for his mistake and forgetfulness.

When one omits mentioning the will of Allah Ta‘ala, and relies on his own will by mentioning, “I will do this tomorrow,” then Allah Ta‘ala dislikes it. This is why, if a person forgets to say insha Allah presently, he may make amends for this act of forgetfulness by saying insha Allah whenever he remembers, as this will compensate for his forgetfulness.

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa 1/195)

After speaking to the Jewish scholars and receiving the three questions that they should pose to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), Nadhr and ‘Uqbah returned to Makkah filled with joy and said to the Quraish, “We have returned with something that will decisively conclude this matter.” They then came to Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and posed these questions to him.

Thursday, 27 February 2020 05:46

The Quraish of Makkah Consult the Jewish Scholars - Part One

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When the Quraish realized that their questions were foolish and prejudiced, they engaged in mutual consultation and decided to send Nadhr bin Haarith and ‘Uqbah bin Abu Mu‘ait to Madinah Munawwarah to enquire regarding Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) from the Jewish scholars residing there. The reason for them going to the Jews is that they were reasonably acquainted with the knowledge of the Ambiyaa (‘alaihimus salaam) and were more knowledgeable regarding the signs of the prophets.