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What is Islam - eBook


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Wednesday, 10 June 2020 19:11

Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Nine

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Prepared to Sacrifice his Life for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)

Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had such deep love for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) that he was prepared, at every moment, to lay down his life to defend Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

During the journey of hijrah, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) noticed that at times, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was traveling in front of him while at other times, he was traveling behind him. Hence, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) asked him, “O Abu Bakr! What is the matter? Why do you sometimes travel in front of me, and at other times behind me?” Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “When I think of the people pursuing us, I travel behind you to protect you, and when I think of the people who may be waiting in ambush ahead, I travel in front of you to protect you.” 

Tuesday, 09 June 2020 06:29

The Arch Enemies of Islam

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After Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) began to openly proclaim tauheed and invite to Islam, most of the people of Makkah Mukarramah became his enemies. However, there were some people who had reached the limits in their hostility and enmity for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

Some of these people were:

Abu Jahal bin Hishaam, Abu Lahab bin ‘Abdil Muttalib, Aswad bin ‘Abd-e-Yaghooth, Haarith bin Qays, Waleed bin Mugheerah, Umayyah bin Khalaf and Ubayy bin Khalaf (the sons of Khalaf), Abu Qays bin Faakihah, ‘Aas bin Waa’il, Nadhr bin Haarith, Munabbih bin Hajjaaj, Zuhair bin Abi Umayyah, Saa’ib bin Saifi, Aswad bin ‘Abdil Asad, ‘Aas bin Sa‘eed, ‘Aas bin Haashim, ‘Uqbah bin Abi Mu‘ait, Ibnul Asdaa Hakam bin ‘Aas and ‘Adiyy bin Hamraa’.

Most of these people were the neighbours of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and men of high standing in society. They remained diligent and zealous in their hostility against Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and night and day, they made this their main mission. Abu Jahal, Abu Lahab and ‘Uqbah bin Abi Mu‘ait were at the forefront from all these enemies.

(Extracted from Seeratul Mustafa 1/209-210)

Monday, 08 June 2020 06:06

Befriending the Kuffaar

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Q: Is it permissible for a believer to befriend a disbeliever? What are the Islamic teachings in regard to this issue?

A: Muslims are strongly discouraged in the Qur’aan and Hadith from befriending the disbelievers. Allah Ta‘ala states in the Qur’aan Majeed:

یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الۡکٰفِرِیۡنَ اَوۡلِیَآءَ مِنۡ دُوۡنِ الۡمُؤۡمِنِیۡنَؕ اَتُرِیۡدُوۡنَ اَنۡ تَجۡعَلُوۡا لِلّٰہِ عَلَیۡکُمۡ سُلۡطٰنًا مُّبِیۡنًا ﴿۱۴۴﴾

O you who believe! Do not take the disbelievers as friends instead of the believers! (Surah Nisaa v. 144)

Similarly, Allah Ta‘ala states in another verse of the Qur’aan Majeed:

یٰۤاَیُّہَا الَّذِیۡنَ اٰمَنُوۡا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا الۡیَہُوۡدَ وَ النَّصٰرٰۤی اَوۡلِیَآءَ ۘؔ بَعۡضُہُمۡ اَوۡلِیَآءُ بَعۡضٍ ؕ وَ مَنۡ یَّتَوَلَّہُمۡ مِّنۡکُمۡ فَاِنَّہٗ مِنۡہُمۡ ؕ اِنَّ اللّٰہَ لَا یَہۡدِی الۡقَوۡمَ الظّٰلِمِیۡنَ ﴿۵۱﴾

O you who believe! Do not take the Jews and Christians as friends! They are friends of one another. And whoever befriends them from you, then he is one of them. Indeed Allah Ta‘ala does not guide unjust people to the right path. (Surah Maa'idah v. 51)

Yahya bin Hilaal Al-Warraaq mentions the following incidents which transpired at the time when he was in dire constraints and was unable to fulfill his needs:

I once came to Muhammed bin ‘Abdillah bin Numair and complained to him of my poverty. He thus took out four or five dirhams, gave them to me, and said, “This is half of all the wealth that I possess at present.” On another occasion, I went to Imaam Ahmed bin Hambal (rahimahullah) and complained of my poverty. Hearing of my plight, Imaam Ahmed (rahimahullah) took out four dirhams, gave them to me, and said, “This is all the wealth that I have.”

Thursday, 04 June 2020 10:18

The Fitnah of Women and Wealth

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عن أبي سعيد الخدري عن النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم قال: إن الدنيا حلوة خضرة وإن الله مستخلفكم فيها فينظر كيف تعملون فاتقوا الدنيا واتقوا النساء فإن أول فتنة بني إسرائيل كانت في النساء (صحيح مسلم رقم : 2742)

Hazrat Abu Sa‘eed Khudri (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “Indeed, the world is sweet and lush (i.e. attractive and enticing), and Allah Ta‘ala has appointed you as vicegerents in the world, so that He may examine your conduct and behaviour in the world. Hence, beware of the fitnah of the dunya (i.e. the fitnah of wealth) and the fitnah of women, as the first fitnah of the Banu Israa’eel was the fitnah of women.”

Thursday, 04 June 2020 05:47

Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) – Part Eight

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Request to Preach Islam in Public

In the initial stages of Islam, due to the persecution of the Quraish, Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) advised the Sahaabah (radhiyallahu ‘anhum) to practice Islam in secret. However, when the number of Muslims reached 39, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) requested Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) to preach Islam in public. Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) did not initially agree to this request, but when Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) persisted, he eventually relented, and they all proceeded to the Haram.

Hazrat Dimaad bin Tha’labah Azdi (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) was a close friend of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) from the pre-Islamic era of ignorance. He would recite different invocations and blow on people as a form of treatment.

When he came to Makkah Mukarramah after Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) was bestowed with prophethood, he saw a group of boys following Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). Some were calling him a sorcerer and fortune teller while others called him insane and a madman. Hazrat Dimaad (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) appeared before Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and said, “I know how to treat insanity. Give me permission to treat you, and perhaps Allah Ta‘ala will cure you at my hands.”

Monday, 01 June 2020 19:27

Sunnats of Greeting – Part Nine

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10. When leaving the home, one should leave the home with salaam.

عن قتادة قال : قال النبي صلى الله عليه وسلم: إذا دخلتم بيتا فسلموا على أهله فإذا خرجتم فأودعوا أهله بسلام (شعب الايمان الرقم: 8459)

Hazrat Qataadah (rahimahullah) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said, “When you enter a home, then make salaam to its inmates, and when you leave (the home), then leave your salaam as a trust with the people of the home (i.e. make salaam to the people when leaving).”

N.B. Nabi (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) has taught us to make salaam when leaving the home and said, “Leave your salaam as a trust with the people of the home”. Generally, when one keeps a trust by someone, he comes back at a later period to receive it. Therefore, when one leaves the trust of salaam with the people of the home, it is as though one is taking a good omen and placing his hope in Allah Ta‘ala’s mercy that Allah Ta‘ala will soon return him to the home he is leaving.