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What is Islam - eBook


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Monday, 29 February 2016 04:43

Sunnats of Visiting the Sick - Part Six

10. Visiting the sick is among the rights that we owe our Muslim brothers.

عن علي رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : للمسلم على المسلم ست بالمعروف يسلم عليه إذا لقيه ويجيبه إذا دعاه ويشمته إذا عطس ويعوده إذا مرض ويتبع جنازته إذا مات ويحب له ما يحب لنفسه. ) سنن الترمذي 2/98 )

Hazrat ‘Ali (radhiallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: "Each Muslim has six rights over his Muslim brother. When he meets him he should greet him (with salaam); if he invites him he should accept his invitation; when he sneezes (and says Alhamdulillah) he should reply to his sneeze by saying ‘Yarhamukallah’; when he falls ill he should visit him; when he passes away he should attend his Janaazah; and he should love for him what he loves for himself."

Monday, 29 February 2016 04:40

Sunnats of Visiting the Sick - Part Five

8. If it will not be causing any inconvenience, then one may ask the sick person to make Duaa to Allah Ta’ala on his behalf عن عمر بن الخطاب رضي الله عنه قال

: قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : إذا دخلت على مريض فمره يدعو لك فإن دعاءه كدعاء الملائكة . (ابن ماجه ص104)

Hazrat Umar (radhiallahu ‘anhu) reports that Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) said: “When visiting the sick person, (if it is possible for you to ask him to make duaa on your behalf) then ask him to make duaa for you, for indeed his duaa is similar to the duaa of the angels (due to him being cleansed of his sins).

Saturday, 05 September 2015 14:25

Sunnats and Aadaab of Dhul Hijjah

1. Dhul Hijja is from the four sacred months of the Islamic Calender. The four sacred months are Dhul Qa’dah, Dhul Hijja, Muharram and Rajab. The rewards of any good deed done in these months are multiplied, and the sins committed in these months are also regarded as more serious. Allah Ta’ala says:

إِنَّ عِدَّةَ الشُّهُورِ عِندَ اللَّـهِ اثْنَا عَشَرَ شَهْرًا فِي كِتَابِ اللَّـهِ يَوْمَ خَلَقَ السَّموتِ وَالْأَرْضَ مِنْهَا أَرْبَعَةٌ حُرُمٌ (سورة التوبة)

The number of months in the sight of Allah is twelve (in a year), so ordained by Him the day He created the heavens and the earth; from among them four are sacred.

2. The greatness of the first ten days and nights of Dhul Hijja can be gauged by the fact that Allah Ta’ala had taken a Qasm on the first ten nights of Dhul Hijja in the Qur’an Majeed, and special virtues have been recorded in the Ahaadith of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) regarding these days. Allah Ta’ala says:

وَٱلْفَجْرِ ﴿١﴾ وَلَيَالٍ عَشْرٍ ﴿٢﴾

(Qasam) By the break of dawn and by the ten nights (of Dhul Hijja)

Published in Sunnats of Dhul Hijjah
Thursday, 20 August 2015 11:42

Sunnats and Aadaab of Qurbaani

1. Qurbaani is a great and meritorious ibaadat in Deen. Special mention has been made regarding it in the Holy Qur’aan and its abundant virtues and significance have been emphasised in the Ahaadith of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Allah Ta’ala says:

لَن يَنَالَ اللَّـهَ لُحُومُهَا وَلَا دِمَاؤُهَا وَلَـٰكِن يَنَالُهُ التَّقْوَىٰ مِنكُمْ

It is neither the meat nor the blood (of the animal) that reaches Allah Ta’ala, instead it is the piety of your heart (ikhlaas) that reaches Him.

عن زيد بن أرقم رضي الله عنه قال قال أصحاب رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم : يا رسول الله ما هذه الأضاحي ؟ قال : سنة أبيكم إبراهيم عليه السلام. قالوا : فما لنا فيها يا رسول الله ؟ قال : بكل شعرة حسنة . قالوا : فالصوف يا رسول الله ؟ قال : بكل شعرة من الصوف حسنة. رواه أحمد وابن ماجه (مشكوة المصابيح رقم 1476)

Hadhrat Zaid bin Arqam (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that the Sahaabah (Radhiallahu Anhum) once enquired from Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam): O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), what is the significance of this action of Qurbaani? Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “It is the practice of your forefather Hadhrat Ibraahim (Alaihis Salaam).” The Sahaabah then asked, “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), What reward will we receive through carrying it out?” Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied, “For every strand of hair (on the back of the animal) you will receive a reward.” The Sahaabah then asked: “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), what about wool?” Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “For every fibre of wool (on the back of the animal) you will receive a reward.”

Published in Sunnats of Qurbaani
Wednesday, 03 June 2015 05:04

Sunnats and Aadaab of Eid

1. To cleanse the mouth using the miswaak.

2. To have a bath (ghusal).

عن ابن عباس رضي الله عنهما قال كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يغتسل يوم الفطر ويوم الأضحى (ابن ماجة رقم 1315)

Hadhrat ibn Abbaas (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would have a bath on the day of Eid ul Fitr and Eid ul Adha.

3. To dress in one’s best clothes. (i.e. the best clothes in one’s possession, not necessarily new clothes.

عن جابر رضي الله عنهما قال كانت للنبي صلى الله عليه وسلم جبة يلبسها في العيدين، ويوم الجمعة. (ابن خزيمة رقم 1766)

Hadhrat Jaabir (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) had a jubbah (a robe or long garment) that he would wear specially on the days of Eid and the day of Jumuah.

Published in Sunnats of Eid
Monday, 25 May 2015 05:24

Sunnats and Aadaab of Ramadhaan

1. Start preparing for the month of Ramadhaan well in advance. Some of the pious elders would prepare six months in advance.

2. Make a timetable for how one will utilise the valuable moments of Ramadhaan.

عن أبي سعيد الخدري رضي الله عنه عن النبي صلى الله عليه و سلم قال من صام رمضان وعرف حدوده وتحفظ مما ينبغي له أن يتحفظ كفر ما قبله رواه ابن حبان في صحيحه والبيهقي (الترغيب و الترهيب رقم 1474)

Hadhrat Abu Saeed Khudri (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “Whoever fasts the month of Ramadhaan and acknowledges its boundaries and limits and ensures that he fulfils the rights of ramadhann as he ought to fulfil it, all his previous sins will be forgiven.

3. If a person has any outstanding rights in relation to the Creator (e.g. qadha salaah, qadha fasts unpaid zakaat etc) or the creation (e.g. one has oppressed someone or hurt anyone in any way) or any unsettled debts, then before the month of Ramadhaan enters, he should sort out his affairs and fulfil all outstanding obligations in order for him to be able to derive the full blessings of the month of Ramadhaan.

Published in Sunnats of Ramadhaan
Sunday, 24 May 2015 05:05

Sunnats and Aadaab of the Miswaak

1. Make miswaak at the time of wudhu.

قال أبو هريرة عن النبي صلّى اللّه عليه وسلّم لولا أن أشق على أمّتِي لأَمرتهم بالسواك عند كل وضوء. (بخاري تعليقا 1/259)

Hadhrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: Had it not been for the fear of my ummah falling into difficulty (due to not being able to uphold the obligation of miswaak), I would have certainly commanded them to make miswaak at the time of every wudhu.

2. The method of holding the miswaak is that one will place his thumb and small finger under the miswaak, and the remainder fingers will be on the upper-side.

3. One should make miswaak of the teeth horizontally and of the tongue vertically.

عن أبي موسى رضي الله عنه قال دخلت على رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم وهو يستاك وهو واضع طرف السواك على لسانه يستن إلى فوق فوصف حماد كأنه يرفع سواكه قال حماد ووصفه لنا غيلان قال كان يستن طولا. (مسند أحمد رقم 19737 )

Hadhrat Abu Musa (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that I once came to Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) at the time he was making miswaak, and I found him making miswaak of his tongue vertically.

عن عطاء بن أبى رباح رضي الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم إذا شربتم فاشربوا مصا وإذا استكتم فاستاكوا عرضا (تلخيص الحبير 1/96)

Hadhrat Ataa ibn Abi Rabaah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “When you drink, then drink in sips (i.e. avoid gulping it down), and when you make miswaak, then make miswaak (of the teeth) horizontally.


Published in Sunnats of Miswaak
Tuesday, 24 March 2015 14:14

Sunnats and Aadaab of Wudhu

1. Sit on a raised place facing the qiblah. [1]

عن عبد خير عن علي رضي الله عنه أنه أتي بكرسي فقعد عليه ثم دعا بتور فيه ماء فكفأ على يديه ثلاثا. (نسائي 1/27)

Hadhrat Abd Khair reports that a chair was brought toHadhrat Ali (Radhiallahu Anhu). He thereafter sat on the chair (in order to demonstrate the wudhu of Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam). Thereafter he requested for a utensil of water. He then commenced by pouring water on his hands thrice.

2. Make the intention for wudhu. [2]

3. Recite the masnoon duaa:

بِسْمِ اللّٰهِ وَ الْحَمْدُ للّٰهِ

I commence in the name of Allah Ta’ala and all praise belongs to Allah Ta’ala.

عن ابى هريرة رضى الله عنه قال قال رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم يا ابا هريرة اذا توضأت فقل بسم الله والحمد لله فان حفظتك لا تبرح تكتب لك الحسنات حتى تحدث من ذلك الوضوء. (مجمع الزوائد 1/220)

Hadhrat Abu Hurairah (Radiallahu anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “O Abu Hurairah. When you commence your wudhu then recite the Du’aa
بسم الله والحمد لله Through reciting this du’aa, the angels (are commanded to) continuously record good deeds for you till your wudhu breaks.

Published in Sunnats of Wudhu
Tuesday, 03 March 2015 14:08

Sunnats and Aadaab upon Awakening


sun rays1. As soon as one awakens, one should rub the face and the eyes with both the palms in order to remove the effects of sleep.

عن كريب مولى ابن عباس ان عبد الله بن عباس اخبره انه بات ليلة عند ميمونة زوج النبى صلى الله عليه وسلم و هى خالته فاضطجعت فى عرض الوسادة و اضطجع رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم و اهله فى طولها فنام رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم حتى اذا انتصف الليل او قبله بقليل او بعده بقليل استيقظ رسول الله صلى الله عليه و سلم فجلس يمسح النوم عن وجهه بيده الخ (بخارى 1/30).

Hadrat Ibn Abbas(Radiallahu anhu) reports in a lengthy hadith regarding the night which he spent by his maternal aunt Hadrat Maymoona (Radiallahu anha)…Nabi (Sallallahu alaihi wasallam) awoke during the night, sat up and rubbed his eyes with his palms in order to remove the effects of sleep.


Published in Sunnats upon Awakening