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Saturday, 05 September 2015 14:25

Sunnats and Aadaab of Dhul Hijjah

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5. One should endeavour to make as much ibaadat as possible in the first ten nights of Dhul Hijja. Making ibaadat on these nights earns one the reward of making ibaadat on Laylatul Qadr.

عَن أَبِي هُرَيرَة رَضِي اللهُ عَنهُ عَن النَّبِي صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّم : قَالَ مَا مِن أَيَّامٍ أَحَبَّ إِلَى اللهِ أَن يُتَعَبَّدَ لَهُ فِيهَا مِن عَشَرِ ذِي الحِجَّةِ يَعْدِلُ صِيَامُ كُلِّ يَومٍ مِنهَا بِصِيَامِ سَنَةٍ وَقِيَامُ كُلِّ لَيْلَةٍ مِنْهَا بِقِيَامِ لَيْلَةِ القَدْرِ (ترمذي 1/158)

Hazrat Abu Hurayrah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said, “There are no days in the year wherein the worship of Allah Ta’ala is more beloved to Him than the ten days of Dhul Hijjah. The fast during these days (excluding the tenth) is equivalent to the fast of an entire year and standing up in ‘ibaadah during these nights is equivalent to the reward of the night of Qadr (power).”

عَنْ حَفْصَةَ رضي الله عنها قَالَتْ أَرْبَعٌ لَمْ يَكُنْ يَدَعُهُنَّ النَّبِيُّ صَلَّى اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّمَ صِيَامَ عَاشُورَاءَ وَالْعَشْرَ وَثَلَاثَةَ أَيَّامٍ مِنْ كُلِّ شَهْرٍ وَرَكْعَتَيْنِ قَبْلَ الْغَدَاةِ (النسائي 1/328)

Hadhrat Hafsah (Radhiallahu Anha) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) would not leave out four actions: Fasting on the day of Aashuraa, fasting on the first ten days of Dhul Hijja (i.e. besides the 10th), fasting three days of every month; and performing two rakaats Sunnah before the fardh of Fajr.

6. Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) has mentioned that Paradise becomes waajib for that person who worships Allah Ta’ala on five nights. i.e. The night of Tarwiya ( 8th of Dhul Hijja), the night of Arafah (9th of Dhul Hijja), the night of nahr (10th of Dhul Hijja), the night of Eid ul Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha’baan.

عَن مُعَاذ بنِ جَبَلٍ رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنهُ قَالَ قَالَ رَسُولُ اللهِ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّمَ مَن أَحْيَا اللَّيَالِيَ الخَمْسَ وَجَبَتْ لَهُ الجَنَّة لَيَلَةَ التَرْوِيَة وَ لَيْلَةَ عَرَفَةَ وَلَيْلَةَ النَّحْرِ وَلَيْلَةَ الفِطْرِ وَ لَيْلَةَ النِّصْفِ مِن شَعْبَان. (الترغيب و الترهيب 2/96)

Hadhrat Muaadh ibn Jabal (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) said: “The one who enlivens five nights of the year with ibaadat, Jannat becomes compulsory for him. The night of Tarwiya ( 8th of Dhul Hijja), the night of Arafah (9th of Dhul Hijja), the night of nahr (10th of Dhul Hijja), the night of Eid ul Fitr and the night of the 15th of Sha’baan

7. It is sunnah for one (who is not in the state of ihram) to fast on the day of Arafah i.e. 9th of Dhul Hijja. Apart from receiving the reward of one year’s fast, two years sins will also be forgiven.

عَن أبي قَتَادَة رَضِي اللهُ عَنه أَنَّ رَجُلاً سَأَلَ النَّبِيَّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَ سَلَّمَ فَقَالَ : يَا رَسُولَ اللهِ أَرَأيتَ رَجُلًا يَصُومُ يَومَ عَاشُورَاء ؟ قَالَ : ( ذَاكَ صُومُ سَنَةٍ ) قَالَ : أَرَأَيتَ رَجُلًا يَصُومُ يَومَ عَرَفَةَ قَالَ يُكَفِّرُ السَّنَةَ وَمَا قَبْلَهَا (ابن حبان 8/394)

Hadhrat Abu Qataadah (Radhiallahu Anhu) reports that once a Sahaabi asked Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam): “O Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam), what is the reward of the person who fasts on the day of Aashurah?” Nabi (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied, “It carries the reward of fasting for an entire year. The Sahaabi then asked: “What is the reward of fasting on the day of Arafah. Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) replied: “It expiates the (minor) sins of the present year and the previous year.”

عَن إبْن عُمَر رَضِيَ اللهُ عَنْهُمَا قَال حَجَجْتُ مَعَ النَّبِيِّ صَلَّى اللهُ عَلَيهِ وَسَلَّم فَلَمْ يَصُمْهُ ( يعني يوم عرفة ) وَمَعَ أبي بكر فَلَم يَصُمْه وَمع عُمَر فَلَم يَصُمه وَمَع عُثْمَان فَلَم يَصُمه (ترمذي 1/157)

Hadhrat ibn Umar (Radhiallahu Anhuma) reports that I performed Hajj with Hadhrat Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) and Rasulullah (Sallallahu Alaihi Wasallam) did not fast on the day of Arafah (during the Hajj). I performed Hajj with Hadhrat Abu Bakr (Radhiallahu Anhu) and he also did not fast on the day of Arafah (during the Hajj). Similarly, I performed Hajj with Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) and Hadhrat Umar (Radhiallahu Anhu) also did not fast on the day of Arafah (during the Hajj), and I then performed Hajj with Hadhrat Uthmaan (Radhiallahu Anhu) and he accordingly did not fast on the day of Arafah (during the Hajj).


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