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Saturday, 30 January 2016 04:20

Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu 'anhu) - Part Six

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Leaving Madinah Munawwarah after the Demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam):

There are two views recorded with regards to whether or not Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) remained the mu’azzin of Madinah Munawwarah after the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).

The First View:

The first view is that Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) did not remain the mu’azzin of Madinah Munawwarah after the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam). After the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), he felt it difficult to remain in Madinah Munawwarah and thus went to Shaam to engage in Jihaad.

This is the preferred view of ‘Allaamah ibn Katheer (rahimahullah) (Al Bidaayah wan Nihaayah 6/61), ‘Allaamah Suyooti (rahimahullah) (Is‘aaf 751) and 'Allaamah Ibn Hibbaan (rahimahullah) (Thiqaat 1/264)

Hazrat Sa‘eed bin ‘Abdul ‘Azeez (rahimahullah) and Hazrat ibn Jaabir (rahimahullah) both narrate that Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) did not call out the azaan after the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) and intended to leave Madinah Munawwarah to strive in Jihaad. When Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) came to know of this, he asked Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to remain in Madinah Munawwarah to which Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) responded by requesting, “If you had freed me for the sake of Allah Ta‘ala then please allow me to leave.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) relented and allowed Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to leave. Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) then moved to Shaam.

(Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/222)

Hazrat Sa‘eed bin Musayyib (rahimahullah) narrates that Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) had once sat on the mimbar on the occasion of jumu‘ah when Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) approached him and asked, “Did you grant me freedom for the sake of Allah Ta‘ala or for your own sake?” Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) instantly replied, “For the sake of Allah Ta‘ala.” Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) responded, “In that case, allow me to leave Madinah Munawwarah so that I may strive in jihad.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) permitted Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) to leave after which he went to Shaam which is where he eventually passed away.

(Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/221)

The Second View:

The second view is that after the demise of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam), during the khilaafat of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) remained the mu’azzin of Madinah Munawwarah. After the demise of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), he obtained permission from Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and departed for Syria.

This is the preferred view of ‘Allaamah ibnul Atheer (rahimahullah) (Usdul Ghaabah 1/237) and Haafiz ibnul Hajar ‘Asqalaani (rahimahullah) (Fat-hul Baari 7/125).

When Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) passed away, Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) approached Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) seeking permission to leave Madinah Munawwarah so that he may strive in Jihaad. When he came before Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), he said to him, “O Khalifah of Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam)! I heard Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam) mentioning that the most virtuous action of a believer is waging Jihaad in the path of Allah Ta‘ala.” Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “So what do you wish, O Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)?” Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “I wish to wage Jihaad on the borders of the Islamic lands until I pass away.” On hearing his request, Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) pleaded with him saying, “O Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu)! I ask you (to remain in Madinah Munawwarah) for the sake of Allah Ta‘ala and for the right which I have over you as I have now aged, I have become weak and my death is close approaching.” Out of respect for the request of Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu), Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) remained in Madinah Munawwarah and continued to call out the azaan.

When Hazrat Abu Bakr (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) passed away, Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) approached Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and once again requested to leave Madinah Munawwarah so that he may strive in Jihaad. Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) eventually permitted him to leave and asked him who should be appointed as the mu’azzin of Madinah Munawwarah in his place. Hazrat Bilaal (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) replied, “Appoint Hazrat Sa‘d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) as he had called out the azaan for Rasulullah (sallallahu ‘alaihi wasallam).” Hazrat ‘Umar (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) thus appointed Hazrat Sa‘d (radhiyallahu ‘anhu) and his progeny to call out the azaan in Madinah Munawwarah.

(Siyar A‘laam min Nubalaa 3/221, ibn Sa‘d 3/178)

Read 329 times Last modified on Sunday, 07 February 2016 05:52